Gireedhar Venkatachalam

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Reactive species such as free radicals are constantly generated in vivo and DNA is the most important target of oxidative stress. Oxidative DNA damage is used as a predictive biomarker to monitor the risk of development of many diseases. The comet assay is widely used for measuring oxidative DNA damage at a single cell level. The analysis of comet assay(More)
Activation of PPARs has been reported to inhibit the proliferation of malignant cells from different lineages. They are involved in transcription regulation of genes upon activation by a ligand. The binding of PPARs to the promoter sequence either represses or activates the gene. Hence, PPARs represent promising targets for cancer treatment because of their(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. Recently published reports demonstrate the importance of a direct repeat 2 (DR2) as a PPARγ-responsive element in addition to the canonical direct repeat 1 (DR1) Peroxisome proliferator response elements (PPREs). However, a comprehensive and systematic(More)
Background: Activation of PPARs has been reported to inhibit the proliferation of malignant cells from different lineages. They are involved in transcription regulation of genes upon activation by a ligand. The binding of PPARs to the promoter sequence either represses or activates the gene. Hence, PPARs represent promising targets for cancer treatment(More)
Here we provide evidence to link sub-lethal oxidative stress to lysosome biogenesis. Exposure of cells to sub-lethal concentrations of exogenously added hydrogen peroxide resulted in cytosol to nuclear translocation of the Transcription Factor EB (TFEB), the master controller of lysosome biogenesis and function. Nuclear translocation of TFEB was dependent(More)
Abstract: The deterministic limit equilibrium methods are widely used for assessing the stability of slopes in geotechnical engineering practice. The input parameters required for the calculations are very often inadequate and imprecise. At times sufficient data may be available to define some of the uncertainties and at others data may be scarce or based(More)
Although oxidative stress has been shown to induce senescence and replication stress independently, no study has implicated unresolved replication stress as the driver for cellular senescence in response to oxidative stress. Using cells exposed to increasing concentrations of hydrogen peroxide, we show that sub-lethal amount of exogenous hydrogen peroxide(More)
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