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Kainate, a glutamate receptor agonist, is a potent neuroexcitatory agent that produces epileptiform activity and selective neuronal degeneration. Binding studies using neuronal membrane homogenates or brain sections have identified sites having either high or low affinity for [3H]kainate. Here we report the cloning of a gene, GluR7, with approximately 75%(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor channels exhibit a high permeability for calcium ions. In this report, we confirm that calcium ions permeate effectively through the wild-type channels, and find that their presence within the pore blocks the flux of sodium and other ions. Further proof for this ionic block comes from the analysis of the epsilon 1(N614Q)(More)
In the rat, subunits of the glutamate receptor family fall into three pharmacologically distinct groups: alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid preferring receptors (Glu R1-4), kainate preferring receptors (Glu R5-7, KA 1, KA 2), and N-methyl-D-aspartate preferring receptors (NMDA R1, NMDA R2A-2D). In the present study, we demonstrate(More)
The potential importance of stem cells in the adult central nervous system (CNS) that cannot only divide, but also participate in neurogenesis, is now widely appreciated. While we know that the trace element zinc is needed for brain development, the role of this essential nutrient in adult stem cell proliferation and neurogenesis has not been investigated.(More)
N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are blocked at hyperpolarizing potentials by extracellular Mg ions. Here we present a detailed kinetic analysis of the Mg block in recombinant wild-type and mutant NMDA receptors. We find that the Mg binding site is the same in the wild-type and native hippocampal NMDA receptor channels. In the mutant channels, however,(More)
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