Learn More
The mechanisms underlying the organization and dynamics of plant endomembranes are largely unknown. Arabidopsis RHD3, a distant member of the dynamin superfamily, has recently been implicated in plant ER morphology and Golgi movement through analyses of dominant-negative mutants of the putative GTPase domain in a heterologous system. Whether RHD3 is(More)
The transport of proteins between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi apparatus in plants is an exciting and constantly expanding topic, which has attracted much attention in recent years. The study of protein transport within the secretory pathway is a relatively new field, dating back to the 1970s for mammalian cells and considerably later for(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Flavonoids have the potential to serve as antioxidants in addition to their function of UV screening in photoprotective mechanisms. However, flavonoids have long been reported to accumulate mostly in epidermal cells and surface organs in response to high sunlight. Therefore, how leaf flavonoids actually carry out their antioxidant(More)
In plant cells, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus form a unique system in which single Golgi stacks are motile and in close association with the underlying ER tubules. Arabidopsis has three RHD3 (ROOT HAIR DEFECTIVE 3) isoforms that are analogous to the mammalian atlastin GTPases involved in shaping ER tubules. We used live-cell imaging,(More)
A central question in cell biology is how the identity of organelles is established and maintained. Here, we report on GOLD36, an EMS mutant identified through a screen for partial displacement of the Golgi marker, ST-GFP, to other organelles. GOLD36 showed partial distribution of ST-GFP into a modified endoplasmic reticulum (ER) network, which formed(More)
Trafficking of secretory proteins between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi apparatus depends on coat protein complexes I (COPI) and II (COPII) machineries. To date, full characterization of the distribution and dynamics of these machineries in plant cells remains elusive. Furthermore, except for a presumed linkage between COPI and COPII for the(More)
The study of electrical network systems, integrated with chemical signaling networks, is becoming a common trend in contemporary biology. Classical techniques are limited to the assessment of signals from doublets or triplets of cells at a fixed temporal bin width. At present, full characteristics of the electrical network distribution and dynamics in plant(More)
Tocopherols are nonpolar compounds synthesized and localized in plastids but whose genetic elimination specifically impacts fatty acid desaturation in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), suggesting a direct interaction with ER-resident enzymes. To functionally probe for such interactions, we developed transorganellar complementation, where mutated pathway(More)
The secretory pathway encloses functionally interlinked organelles for the synthesis and deposition of most of the building blocks of eukaryotic cells, such as lipids, proteins and sugars. The coat protein complex II (COPII) is a specialized protein complex for the transport between secretory organelles, specifically from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to(More)
In yeast and mammals, amino acid motifs in the cytosolic tails of transmembrane domains play a role in protein trafficking by facilitating export from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, little is known about ER export signals of membrane proteins in plants. Therefore, we investigated the role of diacidic motifs in the ER export of Golgi-localized(More)