Giovanni Stefano

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Trafficking of secretory proteins between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi apparatus depends on coat protein complexes I (COPI) and II (COPII) machineries. To date, full characterization of the distribution and dynamics of these machineries in plant cells remains elusive. Furthermore, except for a presumed linkage between COPI and COPII for the(More)
This work investigates the role of cytosolic Na+ exclusion in roots as a means of salinity tolerance in wheat, and offers in planta methods for the functional assessment of major transporters contributing to this trait. An electrophysiological protocol was developed to quantify the activity of plasma membrane Na+ efflux systems in roots, using the(More)
In yeast and mammals, amino acid motifs in the cytosolic tails of transmembrane domains play a role in protein trafficking by facilitating export from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, little is known about ER export signals of membrane proteins in plants. Therefore, we investigated the role of diacidic motifs in the ER export of Golgi-localized(More)
The mechanisms underlying the organization and dynamics of plant endomembranes are largely unknown. Arabidopsis RHD3, a distant member of the dynamin superfamily, has recently been implicated in plant ER morphology and Golgi movement through analyses of dominant-negative mutants of the putative GTPase domain in a heterologous system. Whether RHD3 is(More)
The transport of proteins between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi apparatus in plants is an exciting and constantly expanding topic, which has attracted much attention in recent years. The study of protein transport within the secretory pathway is a relatively new field, dating back to the 1970s for mammalian cells and considerably later for(More)
In plant cells, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus form a unique system in which single Golgi stacks are motile and in close association with the underlying ER tubules. Arabidopsis has three RHD3 (ROOT HAIR DEFECTIVE 3) isoforms that are analogous to the mammalian atlastin GTPases involved in shaping ER tubules. We used live-cell imaging,(More)
ARF GTPases play a central role in regulating membrane dynamics and protein transport in eukaryotic cells. ARF-like (ARL) proteins are close relatives of the ARF regulators of vesicular transport, but their function in plant cells is poorly characterized. Here, by means of live cell imaging and site-directed mutagenesis, we have investigated the cellular(More)
A central question in cell biology is how the identity of organelles is established and maintained. Here, we report on GOLD36, an EMS mutant identified through a screen for partial displacement of the Golgi marker, ST-GFP, to other organelles. GOLD36 showed partial distribution of ST-GFP into a modified endoplasmic reticulum (ER) network, which formed(More)
Tocopherols are nonpolar compounds synthesized and localized in plastids but whose genetic elimination specifically impacts fatty acid desaturation in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), suggesting a direct interaction with ER-resident enzymes. To functionally probe for such interactions, we developed transorganellar complementation, where mutated pathway(More)
Recent evidence indicates that ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1) carries out multiple roles in plant cells that may be independent from the established effector complex COPI. To investigate potential COPI-independent functions, we have followed the dynamics of ARF1 and a novel putative effector, the plant golgin GRIP-related ARF-binding domain-containing(More)