Giovanni Sichel

Learn More
This ultrastructural research was carried out to investigate the nature of the liver pigment cells of anuran and caudate amphibians, the pattern of melanosome ontogenesis, and the demolition processes of old melanosomes. We demonstrate that these liver pigment cells are able to internalize zymosan particles and latex beads; therefore, being professional(More)
The scavenger activity against O2-. of some flavonoids and melanins (synthetic melanins and melanins isolated from animal tissues, vegetable seeds, and mushroom spores) has been studied by ESR spectrometry. All these substances, except flavon and flavanone, diminish the signal of O2-. generated in vitro by a system containing H2O2 and acetone in an alkaline(More)
Sulfated glycoprotein 2 (SGP-2) is a rat glycoprotein that is particularly abundant in seminal fluid, where it is found associated with the acrosome and the tail of mature spermatozoa; for this reason it has been suggested that it has an important role in spermatogenesis. On the basis of nucleotide sequence homology, it has been proposed that the(More)
TFIIIB, TFIIIC2, and PTF/SNAPC are heteromultimeric general transcription factors (GTFs) needed for expression of genes encoding small cytoplasmic (scRNAs) and small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs). Their activity is stimulated by viral oncogenes, such as SV40 large T antigen and Adenovirus E1A, and is repressed by specific transcription factors (STFs) acting as(More)
The present study sought to determine whether the pigment produced by Proteus mirabilis from the L-forms of various aromatic amino acids under aerobic conditions is melanic in nature. It is a black-brown pigment which behaves like a melanin in many respects, namely solubility features, bleaching by oxidizing agents and positive response to the(More)
Amphibia Kupffer cells (i.e., liver resident macrophages) show many common characteristics when compared with Mammalia Kupffer cells: filopodia, microvillous-like structures, lamellipodia, fuzzy coat, coated vesicles, bristled vacuoles, nonspecific esterase activity, and pinocytotic and phagocytic activity are present both in Amphibia and Mammalia Kupffer(More)
It is well known that amphibian Kupffer cells (KCs) contain eumelanins. In this paper, we demonstrate through a molecular analysis that Rana esculenta KCs synthesize high levels of mRNA for tyrosinase and through cytochemistry that they possess dopa oxidase activity: both these data prove that frog KCs are capable of autonomously synthesizing eumelanins. On(More)
The protective role of melanin as an antioxidant biopolymer against lipid peroxidation was investigated. In pigmented frog liver and in albino rat liver the following were tested: thiobarbituric acid (TBA) reactive material (to show the induced lipoperoxidation in vitro), fatty acids, and reduced glutathione content. Our results show that susceptibility to(More)