Giovanni Savettieri

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BACKGROUND There is no consensus method for determining progression of disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) when each patient has had only a single assessment in the course of the disease. METHODS Using data from two large longitudinal databases, the authors tested whether cross-sectional disability assessments are representative of disease(More)
Variation in major histocompatibility complex genes on chromosome 6p21.3, specifically the human leukocyte antigen HLA-DR2 or DRB1*1501-DQB1*0602 extended haplotype, confers risk for multiple sclerosis (MS). Previous studies of DRB1 variation and both MS susceptibility and phenotypic expression have lacked statistical power to detect modest genotypic(More)
Twenty years after a first survey, a follow-up study was performed on the prevalence of MS in Enna (Sicily), southern Italy. The prevalence of definite MS rose from 53 to 120.2 per 100,000 population. The incidence of definite MS for the period 1986 to 1995 was 5.7 per 100,000 per year. The innermost part of Sicily shows an elevated prevalence of MS, second(More)
We investigated the incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in a Sicilian community located a sea level. The study was a retrospective search for MS patients. Incidence was studied in the period from 1 January 1985 to 31 December 1994. We searched for definite MS patients, according to Poser's criteria, among the population resident in Bagheria (Palermo(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure white matter (WM) and gray matter (GM) atrophy and lesion load in a large population of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) using a fully automated, operator-independent, multiparametric segmentation method. METHODS The study population consisted of 597 patients with MS and 104 control subjects. The MRI parameters were abnormal WM(More)
A door-to-door prevalence survey of epilepsy was conducted in 3 Sicilian municipalities, as of November 1, 1987. In phase 1, the screening by questionnaire of 24,496 eligible subjects (participation = 92%) identified 544 suspected to have epilepsy. In phase 2, neurological evaluation of the 544 subjects yielded 111 with epilepsy. Of the 111 subjects, 103(More)
Cognitive dysfunction is considered one of the clinical markers of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, in the literature there are inconsistent reports on the prevalence of cognitive dysfunction, and separate data for the relapsing-remitting (RR) type of the disease are not always presented. In this study, we submitted 461 RRMS patients to a battery of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, coffee consumption and Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS We selected subjects affected by idiopathic PD, with a Mini-Mental State Examination of > or =24, and controls matched 1 to 1 with cases by age (+/- 2 years) and sex. Controls were randomly selected from the(More)
BACKGROUND Fatigue is a major problem in multiple sclerosis (MS), and its association with MRI features is debated. OBJECTIVE To study the correlation between fatigue and lesion load, white matter (WM), and grey matter (GM), in MS patients independent of disability. METHODS We studied 222 relapsing remitting MS patients with low disability (scores <or=2(More)
BACKGROUND Several follow-up studies showed increasing prevalence and incidence rates for multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE To ascertain, throughout a follow-up study, the incidence and prevalence of MS in the city of Monreale, Sicily, southern Italy. METHODS We calculated crude and age- and sex-specific prevalence rates on December 31, 2000, and(More)