Giovanni Rocchi

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BACKGROUND/AIMS In Egypt chronic liver disease is customarily attributed to Schistosoma mansoni infection. Anti-HCV antibodies are highly prevalent among Egyptian blood donors, yet little is known about the risk factors, pathogenicity and virological features of HCV and its association with schistosomiasis. We studied 135 adult patients with chronic liver(More)
OBJECT To evaluate the role of local inflammation in the pathogenesis and postoperative recurrence of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), the authors conducted an investigation in a selected group of patients who could clearly recall a traumatic event and who did not have other risk factors for CSDH. Inflammation was analyzed by measuring the concentration of(More)
CD4+CD25+ T regulatory cells may play a role in the different clinical presentations of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection by suppressing CD4+ T cell responses. Peripheral CD4+CD25+ T cells from chronic HCV carriers with normal and abnormal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were analysed for specificity and effect on HCV-specific CD4+ T cell reactivity(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to evaluate the treatment of the extracranial metastases from glioblastoma multiforme in the elderly, discussing their uncommon occurrence and their pathogenesis. METHODS The authors report seven cases of elderly patients (mean age, 69 years), with an initial diagnosis of cerebral glioblastoma multiforme,(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite increased information on the importance of an inappropriate inflammatory response in the acute Charcot process, there has been no previous attempt to define the specific pathways that mediate its pathogenesis. Here, the role played by monocytes was analyzed. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The immune phenotype of peripheral monocytes was(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of childhood acute epidural hematoma and to report our experience in recent years. A series of 35 patients below the age of 15 years treated for acute epidural hematoma at our institution between June 1991 and December 2000 was analyzed in detail. Pediatric epidural hematoma presents both(More)
It has been suggested that a defective adaptive immune response contributes to septic immunosuppression. Here, the response of monocytes to CD40 ligand (CD40L) for patients with sepsis due to infection with gram-negative organisms has been analyzed. Compared to cells from controls, monocytes from septic patients showed significantly reduced production of(More)
CD40 ligand (CD40L) stimulation induces proinflammatory and immunomodulatory activity in monocytes. Here, we report on the effects of the steroid hormone 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) on human blood monocytes that have been stimulated with the CD40L ligand. Co-treatment of CD40L-stimulated monocytes with 1,25D3 resulted in reduced production and(More)
BACKGROUND The management of posttraumatic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulae is a controversial topic. Although recent literature shows that endoscopic repair of CSF fistula is efficacious and minimally invasive, in specific conditions open operative approach remains imperative. METHODS A series of 36 patients underwent surgery for posttraumatic CSF(More)
BACKGROUND In western countries, human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) appears to be transmitted mainly by sexual contact. To evaluate the role of other transmission routes, especially in developing countries, we estimated the seroprevalence of HHV-8 in Egyptian children, who, if seropositive, would have acquired the virus through a nonsexual route. METHODS Sera(More)