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HYPOTHESIS Perioperative administration of a supplemented enteral formula may decrease postoperative morbidity. DESIGN Randomized clinical trial. SETTING Department of surgery at a university hospital. PATIENTS One hundred ninety-six registered malnourished patients (weight loss > or = 10%) who were candidates for major elective surgery for malignancy(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to define any benefits in terms of early outcome for laparoscopic colectomy in patients over 80 years old compared with open colectomy. METHODS Sixty-one patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy for colorectal cancer were matched to 61 open colectomy patients for gender, age, year of surgery, site of cancer, and(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to compare the efficacy of two different "chemical sphincterotomies" for chronic anal fissure. METHODS From January to December 2001, 30 consecutive patients (17 males; mean age, 41.8 years) with chronic posterior anal fissure were enrolled. The patients were randomly assigned to receive 0.2 percent glycerine trinitrate(More)
A study was undertaken to identify the nutritional parameters associated with a high risk of postoperative sepsis. The nutritional status of 162 cancer patients subjected to clean or clean-contaminated elective surgery was preoperatively evaluated according to the following parameters: percentage weight loss, arm circumference, triceps skinfold, arm muscle(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Perioperative nutrition with specialized enteral diets improves outcome when compared with standard formulas. A post-hoc analysis suggested preoperative administration as the most important period. Thus, we designed a study to understand prospectively whether preoperative supplementation could be as efficacious as the perioperative(More)
HYPOTHESIS Perioperative administration of a supplemented enteral formula may reduce the rate of postoperative infections. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trial. SETTING Department of surgery at a university hospital. PATIENTS Two hundred six patients with neoplasm of colorectum, stomach, or pancreas. INTERVENTION Patients were(More)
To evaluate factors associated with initiation and duration of breastfeeding in Italy, 1601 (73%) respondents among 2192 randomly selected mothers were interviewed within 1 mo of delivery. Mothers who started breastfeeding (85%) were followed-up for 12 mo. A compliance rate of 100% was obtained. At multiple logistic regression analysis, mother having been(More)
The association of bruxism with craniofacial pain and symptoms of dysfunction of the masticatory system was assessed in a sample of 483 adult subjects, aged 18-75 years and selected from the general population living in the municipality of Segrate, a metropolitan area in northern Italy. Subjects were interviewed by a questionnaire about oral conditions,(More)
AIM To investigate infant feeding practices through the first year of life in Italy, and to identify factors associated with the duration of breastfeeding and early introduction of solid foods. METHODS Structured phone interviews on feeding practices were conducted with 2450 Italian-speaking mothers randomly selected among women who delivered a(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the impact of osteoporosis on the patients' quality of life, particularly in the absence of fractures. METHODS 100 post-menopausal women (age 50-85)--62 with uncomplicated primary osteoporosis and 38 with primary osteoporosis complicated by vertebral fractures; all already treated--were studied using two validated questionnaires:(More)