Giovanni Paolo Martelli

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The new plant virus family Flexiviridae is described. The family is named because its members have flexuous virions and it includes the existing genera Allexivirus, Capillovirus, Carlavirus, Foveavirus, Potexvirus, Trichovirus and Vitivirus, plus the new genus Mandarivirus together with some related viruses not assigned to any genus. The family is justified(More)
The plant virus family Flexiviridae includes the definitive genera Potexvirus, Mandarivirus, Allexivirus, Carlavirus, Foveavirus, Capillovirus, Vitivirus, Trichovirus, the putative genus Citrivirus, and some unassigned species. Its establishment was based on similarities in virion morphology, common features in genome type and organization, and strong(More)
 Recently obtained molecular and biological information has prompted the revision of the taxonomic structure of the family Closteroviridae. In particular, mealybug-transmitted species have been separated from the genus Closterovirus and accommodated in a new genus named Ampelovirus (from ampelos, Greek for grapevine). Thus, the family now comprises three(More)
Foveavirus is a novel genus of plant viruses with helically constructed filamentous particles ca. 800 nm long, typified by apple stem pitting virus (ASPV). Virions do not contain lipids or carbohydrates, have a positive sense, single-stranded, polyadenylated RNA genome 8.4 to 9.3 kb in size, and a single type of coat protein with a size of 28 to 44 kDa. The(More)
Several dsRNA bands (approx. 0.6-7 kbp in size) were recovered from tissues of mosaic-diseased fig seedlings which contained the enveloped round structures known as double membrane bodies (DMBs). blast analysis of a 4353 and a 1120 nt sequence from the two largest RNA segments showed homology with the polymerase and the putative glycoprotein precursor genes(More)
The family Tymoviridae comprises the genus Tymovirus, from which it derives its name, the genus Marafivirus and the newly established genus Maculavirus. Members of the family share the following characteristics: (i) non-enveloped isometric particles c. 30 um in diameter, with a rounded contour and prominent surface structures, and clustering of coat protein(More)
The complete sequence of four viral RNA segments of fig mosaic virus (FMV) was determined. Each of the four RNAs comprises a single open reading frame (ORF) 7,093, 2,252, 1,490 and 1,472 nucleotides in size, respectively. These ORFs encode the following proteins in the order: RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (p1 264 kDa), a putative glycoprotein (p2 73 kDa), a(More)
Discovery of Xylella fastidiosa from olive trees with "Olive quick decline syndrome" in October 2013 on the west coast of the Salento Peninsula prompted an immediate search for insect vectors of the bacterium. The dominant xylem-fluid feeding hemipteran collected in olive orchards during a 3-mo survey was the meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (L.)(More)