Giovanni Otranto

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In order to test the hypothesis that ruminal drinking in calves can lead to D-lactic metabolic acidosis, ruminal acidosis was induced in nine calves by intraruminal application of untreated whole milk via a stomach tube. The amount of the daily force-fed liquid was 3 x 1 l. The experimental design called for an end of intraruminal applications if two or(More)
BACKGROUND Recent guidelines for the management of hypertension by the European Societies of Hypertension and Cardiology (ESH-ESC), consider, besides normal and normal high blood pressure, also early renal failure as a significant factor scoring the individual cardiovascular (CV) risk in each patient. Considering that the nephrologists have not yet adopted(More)
Calcific uremic arteriopathy (CUA), also known as calciphylaxis, is a rare condition occurring in patients with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease. It is a serious, debilitating and potentially fatal clinical disorder affecting 1-4% of the dialysis population and is associated with a high mortality rate (60-80%). The clinical picture is characterized(More)
The term cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) refers to multiple possible clinicopathological correlations between heart and kidney failure. The most recent classification recognizes five types of CRS: types I and II originate from heart failure (acute and chronic, respectively), type III and IV from kidney failure (again acute and chronic), while type V originates(More)
BACKGROUND Sensitivity and specificity of the most widely employed techniques of parathyroid glands localization, namely echography and scintigraphy, are mostly obtained with short-term follow-up data and do not underline the existence of a methodological problem. As a matter of fact, both methods identify only pathological glands, with no "normal" results;(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) represents the most common arrhythmia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). As in the general population, AF is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism and stroke, according to progressive decline of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). However, CKD patients, especially those on renal replacement therapy (RRT),(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) represents the most common arrhythmia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). As in the general population, AF is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism and stroke, according to progressive decline of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). However, CKD patients, especially those on renal replacement therapy (RRT),(More)
Calciphylaxis, better described as "Calcific uremic arteriolopathy" (CUA), involves about 1-4% of hemodialysis patients all around the world with high mortality rates. We describe a rare clinical case of CUA in peritoneal dialysis patient associated with urological disease. Penile calciphylaxis represents rare clinical complication, and an early diagnosis(More)
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