Giovanni Nitti

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Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a physiological process that plays important roles in tumor metastasis, "stemness," and drug resistance. EMT is typically characterized by the loss of the epithelial marker E-cadherin and increased expression of EMT-associated transcriptional repressors, including ZEB1 and ZEB2. The miR-200 family and miR-205(More)
To understand why cancer vaccine-induced T cells often do not eradicate tumors, we studied immune responses in mice vaccinated with gp100 melanoma peptide in incomplete Freund's adjuvant (peptide/IFA), which is commonly used in clinical cancer vaccine trials. Peptide/IFA vaccination primed tumor-specific CD8(+) T cells, which accumulated not in tumors but(More)
Anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) cross-neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies, directed against conserved epitopes on surface E2 glycoprotein, are central tools for understanding virus-host interplay, and for planning strategies for prevention and treatment of this infection. Recently, we developed a research aimed at identifying these antibody specificities.(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations that activate the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway are relatively common in urothelial (bladder) cancers, but how these pathway mutations affect AKT dependency is not known. We characterized the relationship between AKT pathway mutational status and sensitivity to the effects of the selective AKT kinase inhibitor AZ7328 using a panel of 12(More)
Antibodies against conserved epitopes on HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins (Env), such as the gp120 CD4-binding site (CD4bs), could contribute to protection against HIV-1. Env-based immunogens inducing such a response could be a major component of future anti-HIV-1 strategies. In this proof-of-concept study we describe the generation of two anti-idiotype (AI)(More)
The major cat allergen, Fel d I, was purified to homogeneity from cat dander extract by sequential mAb affinity chromatography and HPLC size exclusion. The purity and allergenic activity of the preparation was demonstrated by different techniques such as HPLC, RAST inhibition, skin prick tests and CIE/CRIE. Fel d I showed a mol. wt of about 35,000 by HPLC(More)
We describe murine monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) raised by immunization with an electrophilic gp120 analog (E-gp120) expressing the rare ability to neutralize genetically heterologous human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) strains. Unlike gp120, E-gp120 formed covalent oligomers. The reactivity of gp120 and E-gp120 with mAbs to reference neutralizing epitopes(More)
Skeletal muscle is rich in creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LD), and other enzymes. Many reports describe changes in serum CK and LD following exercise. In our study, 11 male international-class medium-distance runners were followed over a 10-month period prior to the 1984 US Olympic Trials. Cardiorespiratory fitness, evaluated through(More)
In order to assess the changes in the clinical biochemistry of runner's anemia and its evolution during a prolonged period of high-intensity training, 11 male international class distance runners (mean time for 1 mile 4 min, 2.5 sec) were followed over a 10-month period prior to the 1984 U.S. Olympic Trials. Mean values of hemoglobin, hematocrit, and mean(More)
The effects of the potent opioid, sufentanil, were studied in 11 athletes. Sufentanil was administered intravenously (up to 0.5 microgram.kg-1 over 10 min) to the subjects while they ran at 14 km.hr-1 on a level treadmill. Prior to, and after, the drug infusion, the treadmill was inclined by 6% for 4 min and CO2 was inhaled for 4 min. Two groups were(More)