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Polysomnography (EOG, EEG, EMG) was carried out in 17 male children and adolescents with autistic disorder, in seven patients with mental retardation and fragile X syndrome, and in five age- and sex-matched normal male subjects. Density of rapid eye movements was not significantly different in the three groups of subjects; however, some sleep parameters(More)
A novel theoretical approach to the dynamics analysis of excitation and dephasing of plasmon modes in nanoparticles is presented. This approach is based on the biorthogonal plasmon mode expansion, and it leads to the predictions of time dynamics of excitation of specific plasmon modes as well as their steady state amplitude and their decay. Temporal(More)
In the present Letter, we demonstrate how the design of metallic nanoparticle arrays with large electric field enhancement can be performed using the basic paradigm of engineering, namely the optimization of a well-defined objective function. Such optimization is carried out by coupling a genetic algorithm with the analytical multiparticle Mie theory.(More)
In this paper, we study the role of nanoparticle shape and aperiodic arrangement in the scattering and spatial localization properties of plasmonic modes in deterministic-aperiodic (DA) arrays of metal nanoparticles. By using an efficient coupled-dipole model for the study of the electromagnetic response of large arrays excited by an external field, we(More)
Numerical formulations based on surface integral equations (SIEs) provide an accurate and efficient framework for the solution of the electromagnetic scattering problem by three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructures in the frequency domain. In this paper, we present a unified description of SIE formulations with both singular and nonsingular kernel and we(More)
Subclinical hypothyroidism is a condition characterized by increased levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) associated with normal levels of free triiodothyronine (FT3) and free thyroxine (FT4). The exact prevalence of this condition in Italy is not known. The aim of this study was to assess the presence of subclinical hypothyroidism in 1001 subjects(More)
We demonstrate optical Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) in planar arrays of cylindrical Au nanoparticles arranged in periodic and deterministic aperiodic geometries. In order to understand the respective roles of near-field plasmonic coupling and long-range photonic interactions on the SHG signal, we systematically vary the interparticle separation from 60(More)
We used the particle swarm optimization algorithm, an evolutionary computational technique, to design metal nanoparticle arrays that produce broadband plasmonic field enhancement over the entire visible spectral range. The resulting structures turn out to be aperiodic and feature dense Fourier spectra with many closely packed particle clusters. We conclude(More)