Giovanni Matera

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Bartonella quintana is a gram-negative microorganism that causes trench fever and chronic bacteremia. B. quintana lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was unable to induce the production of proinflammatory cytokines in human monocytes. Interestingly, B. quintana LPS is a potent antagonist of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), as it inhibited both mRNA transcription and the(More)
The epidemiological profile of HCV infection is evolving in Europe, as well as in Italy. We have previously showed genotype distributions and their dynamics in 2,153 HCV RNA positive patients living in Calabria, Southern Italy, over 11 years. In this study, we extend and update this information by evaluating a hospital-based cohort of 945 HCV RNA positive(More)
OBJECTIVE Degeneration of extracellular matrix of cartilage leads to the production of molecules capable of activating the immune system via Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4). The objective of this study was to investigate the involvement of TLR-4 activation in the development and progression of autoimmune destructive arthritis. METHODS A naturally occurring(More)
AIM To evaluate the prevalence of Giardia lamblia (G. lamblia) infection in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and dyspepsia and to establish which is the most accurate test to diagnose the infection in this setting. METHODS One hundred and thirty-seven patients who consecutively attended the Outpatient Gastroenterology Clinic for the first time(More)
The aim of this study was to assess changes in the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes, focusing on genotype 4, by surveying population of chronic hepatitis C patients within an area of Southern Italy. HCV-RNA was detected in serum using two commercial hepatitis C RNA PCR assays (Amplicor Roche Diagnostic System, and AmpliSensor HCV, Nuclear(More)
Bartonella quintana (B. quintana) is a facultative, intracellular bacterium, which causes trench fever, chronic bacteraemia and bacillary angiomatosis. Little is known about the recognition of B. quintana by the innate immune system. In this review, we address the impact of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) on the recognition of B. quintana and the activation of(More)
Analysis of the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) genotype spread in a particular area has a crucial impact on public health. In this study, we update information on the distribution of HCV genotypes, by evaluating a hospital-based cohort of 2,153 chronic hepatitis C patients, collected prospectively among subjects attending University Hospital of Catanzaro, within(More)
The epidemiological status of HCV in Europe, and in particular in Mediterranean countries, is continuously evolving. The genotype distribution is related to improvement of healthcare conditions, expansion of intravenous drug use and immigration. We review and characterize the epidemiology of the distribution of HCV genotypes within Calabria, an area of(More)
Ascaris presence in humans has been associated with high levels of blood eosinophils and serum IgE. This study was designed to address the influence of Ascaris infection on allergic and inflammatory parameters of atopic subjects. A cross-sectional design was used, and atopic individuals to be assessed were divided into 3 groups including Ascaris-infected,(More)
We have investigated the role of sensory nerves in regulating airway smooth muscle function in the guinea-pig, marmoset, rabbit and man. Tissue levels of the sensory neuropeptides CGRP and substance P in the airways of the guinea-pig were significantly greater compared with the rabbit and marmoset. The relative order of tissue content was guinea-pig >>>(More)