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OBJECTIVE To apply the new American College of Rheumatology nomenclature for neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE), determine the prevalence of the different neuropsychiatric (NP) syndromes, and evaluate which of these manifestations correlates with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Methods. Clinical, serological, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantitatively evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of antibodies to ribosomal P proteins (anti-P) for neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) in general, for psychosis, mood disorder, or both, and for other diffuse manifestations. METHODS This international meta-analysis combined standardized data from 1,537 lupus patients(More)
The vasodilation induced by systemic insulin infusion is mediated by nitric oxide and is impaired both in obese subjects and patients with essential hypertension. Whether this vascular defect explains the metabolic resistance to insulin action is uncertain. In 8 overweight male patients with essential hypertension, we used the double forearm (ie, infused(More)
The Sardinians are an ethnically homogeneous population, having a genetic structure quite different from that of all other Italian and European populations. All epidemiological studies carried out in Sardinia since 1975 indicate that this Mediterranean island shows twice the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) compared to continental Italy, but the size(More)
OBJECTIVES To update prevalence and incidence rates of MS among Sardinians. MATERIALS AND METHODS The present work is a "spider" kind of population based survey, conducted over the interval 1968-97, on patients with MS (Poser criteria) living in the province of Sassari, Northern Sardinia (454,904 population). RESULTS A crude total prevalence rate of(More)
OBJECTIVE Transverse myelitis (TM) is a rare complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Although usually a late manifestation of SLE, it can occur at presentation. We investigated the clinical presentation, treatment and outcome of 15 patients with TM as the presenting manifestation of SLE or lupus-like disease. METHODS All patients received(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate morphological and functional abnormalities by cerebral imaging in a series of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with and without overt central nervous system (CNS) manifestations, and to detect possible relationships with clinical parameters and a large panel of autoantibodies, including those reactive against(More)
Management of central nervous system (CNS) involvement still remains one of the most challenging problems in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The best available evidence for the treatment of CNS lupus is largely based on retrospective series, case reports and expert opinion. Current therapy is empirical and tailored to the individual patient.(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the hypothesis that testing for new antiphospholipid antibody specificities may help to identify the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with thrombosis who are repeatedly negative for anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) and/or lupus anticoagulant (LA). METHODS Three groups of patients with(More)
PURPOSE Thalidomide is effective for the treatment of severe cutaneous lupus. Our aim was to study the safety and efficacy of different doses of thalidomide in this condition. METHODS We studied patients with severe cutaneous lupus that was unresponsive to antimalarials, prednisolone, methotrexate, azathioprine, and cyclosporin A. Starting doses of 100 mg(More)