Giovanni Maria Puddu

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PURPOSE Serum complement and IgA levels have been found to be retrospectively associated with the presence of diffuse atherosclerosis. This study was performed to assess whether serum immunoglobulins and complement components are predictive of future ischemic events. PATIENTS AND METHODS The baseline values of IgG, IgA, IgM, C3, and C4 were measured in(More)
Microparticles (MPs) are small vesicles, ranging in size from 0.1 microm to 2 microm, originating from plasma membranes of endothelial cells, platelets, leukocytes and erythrocytes. MPs can transfer antigens and receptors to cell types that are different from their cell of origin. Circulating MPs provide a procoagulant aminophospholipid surface for the(More)
Uric acid is the end product of purine metabolism. Its immediate precursor, xanthine, is converted to uric acid by an enzymatic reaction involving xanthine oxidoreductase. Uric acid has been formerly considered a major antioxidant in human plasma with possible beneficial anti-atherosclerotic effects. In contrast, studies in the past two decades have(More)
Endothelial cells release both relaxing and contracting factors that modulate vascular smooth muscle tone and also participate in the pathophysiology of essential hypertension. Endothelium-dependent vasodilation is regulated primarily by nitric oxide but also by an unidentified endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor and by prostacyclin.(More)
Hypertension is a condition associated with oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, and increased vascular resistance, representing probably both a cause and a consequence of elevated levels of reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species. Mitochondria are important sites of ROS production, and a mitochondrial dysfunction, preceding endothelial(More)
INTRODUCTION Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been associated with the prognosis in stroke patients. However, its spontaneous variability during the acute phase of the disease is unknown. Materials and Methods - One hundred and thirty-seven patients with ischemic stroke, aged 75.4+/-11.0 (SD) years, were classified according to several criteria: National(More)
Serum complement levels have been found to be predictive of myocardial infarction up to 4 years before the acute event. To assess whether they are a marker of a hypercoagulable state, the serum or plasma levels of C3, C4, C3a, C4a, C1 inactivator, antithrombin III, protein S, protein C, fibrinogen and tissue plasminogen activator were measured in 31(More)
It is still debated whether non valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) may be responsible for "silent" lacunar lesions. The aims of our study were to compare the prevalence of subcortical lacunar infarctions in highly selected elderly subjects with or without NVAF, and to investigate the positive relationship of such lesions to the impairment in cognitive and(More)
OBJECTIVES Several studies have sought factors predictive of early neurological deterioration during acute stroke; however, no study carried out a systematic search for factors capable of predicting early improvement. This investigation is aimed at identifying the variables associated with short-term neurological improvement in patients with ischemic stroke(More)
OBJECTIVE Serum C3, a complement component produced by macrophages, the liver and the adipose tissue, is associated with the risk of myocardial infarction in men. This study was performed to ascertain the relationships between serum C3 and traditional risk factors in an unselected population sample. METHODS AND RESULTS A random population of 1,068(More)