Learn More
PURPOSE Serum complement and IgA levels have been found to be retrospectively associated with the presence of diffuse atherosclerosis. This study was performed to assess whether serum immunoglobulins and complement components are predictive of future ischemic events. PATIENTS AND METHODS The baseline values of IgG, IgA, IgM, C3, and C4 were measured in(More)
Uric acid is the end product of purine metabolism. Its immediate precursor, xanthine, is converted to uric acid by an enzymatic reaction involving xanthine oxidoreductase. Uric acid has been formerly considered a major antioxidant in human plasma with possible beneficial anti-atherosclerotic effects. In contrast, studies in the past two decades have(More)
An important role in atherogenesis is played by oxidative stress, which may be induced by common risk factors. Mitochondria are both sources and targets of reactive oxygen species, and there is growing evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction may be a relevant intermediate mechanism by which cardiovascular risk factors lead to the formation of vascular(More)
Serum complement levels have been found to be predictive of myocardial infarction up to 4 years before the acute event. To assess whether they are a marker of a hypercoagulable state, the serum or plasma levels of C3, C4, C3a, C4a, C1 inactivator, antithrombin III, protein S, protein C, fibrinogen and tissue plasminogen activator were measured in 31(More)
It is now widely accepted that oxidant stress and the ensuing endothelial dysfunction play a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. The mitochondrial respiratory chain is the major source of reactive oxygen species as byproducts of normal cell respiration. Mitochondria may also be important targets for reactive oxygen(More)
Microparticles (MPs) are small vesicles, ranging in size from 0.1 microm to 2 microm, originating from plasma membranes of endothelial cells, platelets, leukocytes and erythrocytes. MPs can transfer antigens and receptors to cell types that are different from their cell of origin. Circulating MPs provide a procoagulant aminophospholipid surface for the(More)
Hypertension is a condition associated with oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, and increased vascular resistance, representing probably both a cause and a consequence of elevated levels of reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species. Mitochondria are important sites of ROS production, and a mitochondrial dysfunction, preceding endothelial(More)
INTRODUCTION Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been associated with the prognosis in stroke patients. However, its spontaneous variability during the acute phase of the disease is unknown. Materials and Methods - One hundred and thirty-seven patients with ischemic stroke, aged 75.4+/-11.0 (SD) years, were classified according to several criteria: National(More)
During the last few years the studies on the genetic basis of essential hypertension (EH) have been numerous, allowing however only a partial understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms. The most used techniques were the candidate gene approach, genome-wide scanning, the intermediate phenotype approach and comparative-genomics in animal models. The(More)