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BACKGROUND Annulo-aortic ectasia is a dilation of the aortic root with the involvement of the Valsalva sinuses. In 1968 Bentall and DeBono proposed to replace the aortic valve, the Valsalva sinuses and the ascending aorta with a composite tube graft containing aortic valve prosthesis. Consequently coronary ostia had to be reimplanted on the prosthetic tube.(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluate the clinical results 1 year after an anatomic reconstruction of the aortic root in which we used a specifically designed aortic root prosthesis that incorporates the sinuses of Valsalva. MATERIAL AND METHODS The new aortic Dacron prosthesis has a proximal portion in the Dacron conduit that expands on implantation, creating(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies indicate that isoflurane, a commonly used volatile anesthetic, mimics the cardioprotective effects of ischemic preconditioning, probably through ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channel activation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of isoflurane during coronary bypass surgery (CABG) on troponin I release. MATERIAL AND(More)
INTRODUCTION Early systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by Raynaud's phenomenon together with scleroderma marker autoantibodies and/or a scleroderma pattern at capillaroscopy and no other distinctive feature of SSc. Patients presenting with marker autoantibodies plus a capillaroscopic scleroderma pattern seem to evolve into definite SSc more frequently(More)
BACKGROUND The durability of aortic valve-sparing procedures is negatively affected by increased leaflet stress in the absence of normally shaped sinuses of Valsalva. We compared valve motion after remodeling procedures using a standard conduit and a specifically designed aortic root conduit. METHODS Echocardiographic studies of the aortic valve dynamics(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether patients affected by 1 of the 3 subsets of early systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma), i.e., subset I, Raynaud's phenomenon with SSc marker autoantibodies and typical capillaroscopic findings; subset II, autoantibody positive only; and subset III, capillaroscopy positive only and not satisfying the 2013 American College of(More)
BACKGROUND The reimplantation type of valve-sparing procedure does not allow proper reconstruction of the sinuses of Valsalva. We assessed the valve motion after a reimplantation type (David I) of valve-sparing procedure using a new Dacron conduit that incorporates sinuses of Valsalva. METHODS Nine consecutive patients undergoing an aortic valve-sparing(More)
BACKGROUND This article describes a new aortic Dacron conduit that has been designed for use in all types of surgery of the aortic root. Its use is aimed at facilitating the surgical procedure and obtaining a natural anatomical configuration of the aortic root. METHODS The modified Dacron conduit is obtained by adding a smaller piece of Dacron tube that(More)
OBJECTIVE Stentless biologic aortic valves are less obstructive than stented biologic or mechanical valves. Their superior hemodynamic performances are expected to reflect in better regression of left ventricular hypertrophy. We compared the regression of left ventricular hypertrophy in 3 groups of patients undergoing aortic valve replacement for severe(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY Optimal hemodynamic performances are of paramount importance when implanting a mechanical valve in patients with a small aortic annulus. A Doppler echocardiographic study was performed to compare the hemodynamic performances of small CarboMedics and St. Jude valves. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-nine patients receiving(More)