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DNA 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) causes transversions and is also implicated in frameshifts. We previously identified the dNTP pool as a likely source of mutagenic DNA 8-oxoG and demonstrated that DNA mismatch repair prevented oxidation-related frameshifts in mononucleotide repeats. Here, we show that both Klenow fragment and DNA polymerase alpha can utilize(More)
It has been hypothesized that a replication associated repair pathway operates on base damage and single strand breaks (SSB) at replication forks. In this study, we present the isolation from the nuclei of human cycling cells of a multiprotein complex containing most of the essential components of base excision repair (BER)/SSBR, including APE1, UNG2, XRCC1(More)
A novel class of non-nucleoside triphosphate analogues, bearing hydrophobic groups sterically similar to nucleosides linked to the a-phosphate but lacking the chemical functional groups of nucleic acids, were tested against six different DNA poly-merases (polymerases). Human polymerases a, b and l, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae polymerase IV, were inhibited(More)
DNA polymerase lambda (pol lambda) is a member of the X family DNA polymerases and is endowed with multiple enzymatic activities. In this work we investigated the in vitro miscoding properties of full-length, human pol lambda either in the absence or in the presence of the human auxiliary proteins proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and replication(More)
We have previously described the isolation of a replication competent (RC) complex from calf thymus, containing DNA polymerase alpha, DNA polymerase delta and replication factor C. Here, we describe the isolation of the RC complex from nuclear extracts of synchronized HeLa cells, which contains DNA replication proteins associated with cell-cycle regulation(More)
We have recently shown that neither the base nor the sugar moieties of a nucleotide is an essential feature for its incorporation by DNA polymerases (pols) l and b. Here we present the identification of novel non-nucleoside triphosphate (NNTP) derivatives belonging to three classes: (i) non-substrate-specific inhibitors of DNA pol l; (ii) substrate(More)
'Classical' non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), dependent on the Ku70/80 and the DNA ligase IV/XRCC4 complexes, is essential for the repair of DNA double-strand breaks. Eukaryotic cells possess also an alternative microhomology-mediated end-joining (MMEJ) mechanism, which is independent from Ku and DNA ligase 4/XRCC4. The components of the MMEJ machinery are(More)
Human DNA polymerase (pol) λ functions in base excision repair and non-homologous end joining. We have previously shown that DNA pol λ is involved in accurate bypass of the two frequent oxidative lesions, 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine and 1,2-dihydro-2-oxoadenine during the S phase. However, nothing is known so far about the relationship of DNA pol λ with the S(More)
Oxidative stress is a very frequent source of DNA damage. Many cellular DNA polymerases (Pols) can incorporate ribonucleotides (rNMPs) during DNA synthesis. However, whether oxidative stress-triggered DNA repair synthesis contributes to genomic rNMPs incorporation is so far not fully understood. Human specialized Pols β and λ are the important enzymes(More)
DNA is constantly exposed to both endogenous and exogenous damages. More than 10,000 DNA modifications are induced every day in each cell's genome. Maintenance of the integrity of the genome is accomplished by several DNA repair systems. The core enzymes for these pathways are the DNA polymerases. Out of 17 DNA polymerases present in a mammalian cell, at(More)