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The PA protein of Influenza A virus (IAV) encoded by segment 3 acts as a specialized RNA endonuclease in the transcription of the viral genome. The same genomic segment encodes for a second shorter protein, termed PA-X, with the first 191 N-terminal aminoacids (aa) identical to PA, but with a completely different C-ter domain of 61 aa, due to a ribosomal(More)
Specialized DNA polymerases (DNA pols) are required for lesion bypass in human cells. Auxiliary factors have an important, but so far poorly understood, role. Here we analyse the effects of human proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and replication protein A (RP-A) on six different human DNA pols--belonging to the B, Y and X classes--during in vitro(More)
The human stress-activated protein kin17 accumulates in the nuclei of proliferating cells with predominant colocalization with sites of active DNA replication. The distribution of kin17 protein is in equilibrium between chromatin-DNA and the nuclear matrix. An increased association with nonchromatin nuclear structure is observed in S-phase cells. We(More)
It has been hypothesized that a replication associated repair pathway operates on base damage and single strand breaks (SSB) at replication forks. In this study, we present the isolation from the nuclei of human cycling cells of a multiprotein complex containing most of the essential components of base excision repair (BER)/SSBR, including APE1, UNG2, XRCC1(More)
DNA 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) causes transversions and is also implicated in frameshifts. We previously identified the dNTP pool as a likely source of mutagenic DNA 8-oxoG and demonstrated that DNA mismatch repair prevented oxidation-related frameshifts in mononucleotide repeats. Here, we show that both Klenow fragment and DNA polymerase alpha can utilize(More)
A novel class of non-nucleoside triphosphate analogues, bearing hydrophobic groups sterically similar to nucleosides linked to the a-phosphate but lacking the chemical functional groups of nucleic acids, were tested against six different DNA poly-merases (polymerases). Human polymerases a, b and l, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae polymerase IV, were inhibited(More)
DEAD-box proteins are enzymes endowed with nucleic acid-dependent ATPase, RNA translocase and unwinding activities. The human DEAD-box protein DDX3 has been shown to play important roles in tumor proliferation and viral infections. In particular, DDX3 has been identified as an essential cofactor for HIV-1 replication. Here we characterized a set of DDX3(More)
DNA polymerase lambda (pol lambda) is a member of the X family DNA polymerases and is endowed with multiple enzymatic activities. In this work we investigated the in vitro miscoding properties of full-length, human pol lambda either in the absence or in the presence of the human auxiliary proteins proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and replication(More)
1,2-dihydro-2-oxoadenine (2-OH-A), a common DNA lesion produced by reactive oxygen species, is a strong replicative block for several DNA polymerases (DNA pols). We have previously shown that various bases can be misincorporated opposite the 2-OH-A lesion and the type of mispairs varies with either the sequence context or the type of DNA pol tested. Here,(More)
Targeting cellular cofactors instead of viral enzymes represents a new strategy to combat infectious diseases, which should help to overcome the problem of viral resistance. Recently, it has been revealed that the cellular ATPase/RNA helicase X-linked DEAD-box polypeptide 3 (DDX3) is an essential host factor for the replication of several viruses such as(More)