Giovanni Maga

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Any living cell is faced with the fundamental task of keeping the genome intact in order to develop in an organized manner, to function in a complex environment, to divide at the right time, and to die when it is appropriate. To achieve this goal, an efficient machinery is required to maintain the genetic information encoded in DNA during cell division, DNA(More)
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was originally characterised as a DNA sliding clamp for replicative DNA polymerases and as an essential component of the eukaryotic chromosomal DNA replisome. Subsequent studies, however, have revealed its striking ability to interact with multiple partners, which are involved in several metabolic pathways,(More)
Resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a natural phytoalexin found in grapes and wine, which shows antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. In this study we have investigated whether these properties are dependent on similar or different structural determinants of the molecule. To this purpose, resveratrol derivatives, in which all or each(More)
The oxidized base 7,8-oxoguanine (8-oxo-G) is the most common DNA lesion generated by reactive oxygen species. This lesion is highly mutagenic due to the frequent misincorporation of A opposite 8-oxo-G during DNA replication. In mammalian cells, the DNA polymerase (pol) family X enzyme DNA pol λ catalyzes the correct incorporation of C opposite 8-oxo-G,(More)
DNA polymerase (pol) delta is essential for both leading and lagging strand DNA synthesis during chromosomal replication in eukaryotes. Pol delta has been implicated in the Okazaki fragment maturation process for the extension of the newly synthesized fragment and for the displacement of the RNA/DNA segment of the preexisting downstream fragment generating(More)
By using a complementation assay for a replication factor C dependent DNA polymerase activity on a singly-primed M13 DNA template, we have isolated from calf thymus a multiprotein complex active in DNA replication. For this, the inclusion of ATP during the entire isolation procedure was essential, since the complex decayed after omission of ATP. This(More)
Specialized DNA polymerases (DNA pols) are required for lesion bypass in human cells. Auxiliary factors have an important, but so far poorly understood, role. Here we analyse the effects of human proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and replication protein A (RP-A) on six different human DNA pols--belonging to the B, Y and X classes--during in vitro(More)
The nonstructural protein 3 (NS3) of Dengue virus (DV) is a multifunctional enzyme carrying activities involved in viral RNA replication and capping: helicase, nucleoside 5'-triphosphatase (NTPase), and RNA 5'-triphosphatase (RTPase). Here, a 54-kDa C-terminal domain of NS3 (DeltaNS3) bearing all three activities was expressed as a recombinant protein.(More)
HIV-1 replication has been inhibited by using a compound able to target the human cellular cofactor DEAD-box ATPase DDX3, essential for HIV-1 RNA nuclear export. This compound, identified by means of a computational protocol based on pharmacophoric modeling and molecular docking calculations, represents the first small molecule with such a mechanism of(More)
Human DNA polymerases (pols) beta and lambda could promote template slippage and generate -1 frameshifts on defined heteropolymeric DNA substrates containing a single abasic site. Kinetic data demonstrated that pol lambda was more efficient than pol beta in catalyzing translesion DNA synthesis past an abasic site, particularly in the presence of low(More)