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Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was originally characterised as a DNA sliding clamp for replicative DNA polymerases and as an essential component of the eukaryotic chromosomal DNA replisome. Subsequent studies, however, have revealed its striking ability to interact with multiple partners, which are involved in several metabolic pathways,(More)
Any living cell is faced with the fundamental task of keeping the genome intact in order to develop in an organized manner, to function in a complex environment, to divide at the right time, and to die when it is appropriate. To achieve this goal, an efficient machinery is required to maintain the genetic information encoded in DNA during cell division, DNA(More)
Resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a natural phytoalexin found in grapes and wine, which shows antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. In this study we have investigated whether these properties are dependent on similar or different structural determinants of the molecule. To this purpose, resveratrol derivatives, in which all or each(More)
DNA polymerase (pol) delta is essential for both leading and lagging strand DNA synthesis during chromosomal replication in eukaryotes. Pol delta has been implicated in the Okazaki fragment maturation process for the extension of the newly synthesized fragment and for the displacement of the RNA/DNA segment of the preexisting downstream fragment generating(More)
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) has been shown to interact with a variety of DNA polymerases (pol) such as pol delta, pol epsilon, pol iota, pol kappa, pol eta, and pol beta. Here we show that PCNA directly interacts with the newly discovered pol lambda cloned from human cells. This interaction stabilizes the binding of pol lambda to the primer(More)
1,2-dihydro-2-oxoadenine (2-OH-A), a common DNA lesion produced by reactive oxygen species, is a strong replicative block for several DNA polymerases (DNA pols). We have previously shown that various bases can be misincorporated opposite the 2-OH-A lesion and the type of mispairs varies with either the sequence context or the type of DNA pol tested. Here,(More)
Replication factor C (RF-C), a complex of five polypeptides, is essential for cell-free SV40 origin-dependent DNA replication and viability in yeast. The cDNA encoding the large subunit of human RF-C (RF-Cp145) was cloned in a Southwestern screen. Using deletion mutants of RF-Cp145 we have mapped the DNA binding domain of RF-Cp145 to amino acid residues(More)
The kinetic parameters governing the inhibition by Nevirapine of the RNA-dependent DNA synthesis catalyzed by HIV-1 reverse transcriptase have been determined by steady-state kinetic analysis with the wild-type enzyme and with mutant reverse transcriptases containing the single amino acid substitutions L100I, K103N, V106A, V179D, Y181I and Y188L. While the(More)
Human DNA polymerases (pols) beta and lambda could promote template slippage and generate -1 frameshifts on defined heteropolymeric DNA substrates containing a single abasic site. Kinetic data demonstrated that pol lambda was more efficient than pol beta in catalyzing translesion DNA synthesis past an abasic site, particularly in the presence of low(More)
With the aim to identify unconventional DNA polymerases from human cells, we have set up a special assay to fractionate HeLa extracts based on the ability (i) to bypass DNA lesions, (ii) to be resistant to aphidicolin and an inhibitory antibody against pol alpha and (iii) to be non-responsive to proliferating cell nuclear antigen. After eight different(More)