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An important role in atherogenesis is played by oxidative stress, which may be induced by common risk factors. Mitochondria are both sources and targets of reactive oxygen species, and there is growing evidence that mitochondrial dysfunction may be a relevant intermediate mechanism by which cardiovascular risk factors lead to the formation of vascular(More)
OBJECTIVES According to most existing models, a computer is usually needed for predicting stroke outcome. Our purpose was to construct a simple and reliable prognostic scale not requiring the use of a calculating machine. MATERIALS AND METHODS The scale [the Bologna Outcome Algorithm for Stroke (BOAS)] was obtained in 221 patients with ischemic stroke not(More)
OBJECTIVES Statins have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, and profibrinolytic properties that might play a useful role in the acute phase of ischemic stroke. This pilot study assessed the possible neuroprotective action of high-dose atorvastatin administration during the first week after an ischemic stroke, to obtain data for planning a wider(More)
BACKGROUND Small changes of bilirubin and liver enzymes are often detected during the acute phase of stroke, but their origin and significance are still poorly understood. METHODS On days 0, 3, 7, and 14 after admission, 180 patients with ischemic stroke underwent serial determinations of bilirubin, GOT, GPT, γGT, alkaline phosphatase, C-reactive protein(More)
OBJECTIVES To find some specific determinants of lacunar strokes (LS), this study compared LS and non-LS patients using the size and location of cerebral lesions as discriminant between the two groups. METHODS The main cardiovascular risk factors and some echocardiographic parameters were assessed in 225 ischemic stroke patients aged 75·1±11·4 (SD) years,(More)
OBJECTIVES The ultrasound investigation of carotid and vertebral arteries is routinely performed in stroke patients to determine the etiopathogenetic classification and possible need of revascularization. However, the medium and long-term prognostic implications of carotid and vertebral ultrasound in ischemic stroke patients are not yet known. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES Fever frequently occurs in stroke patients and worsens their prognosis. However, only few studies have assessed the determinants of fever in acute stroke, and no study has specifically addressed the possible prediction of the development of fever. MATERIALS AND METHODS This investigation included 536 patients with acute stroke and a body(More)
OBJECTIVES Several studies have sought factors predictive of early neurological deterioration during acute stroke; however, no study carried out a systematic search for factors capable of predicting early improvement. This investigation is aimed at identifying the variables associated with short-term neurological improvement in patients with ischemic stroke(More)
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