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UNLABELLED Strontium ranelate (2 g/day) was studied in 5082 postmenopausal women. A reduction in incident vertebral fracture risk by 40% was shown after 3 years. This effect was independent of age, initial BMD, and prevalent vertebral fractures. INTRODUCTION Strontium ranelate is an orally active treatment able to decrease the risk of vertebral and hip(More)
The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of osteopenia and the relationships between osteocalcin (OC), bone alkaline phosphatase (bALP), and bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). A group of 18 patients (median age 47, range 36-51) with uncomplicated IDDM (Group A) were matched by sex, age, and(More)
Malignancy-associated hypercalcemia (MAH) is one of the clinical emergencies in medical oncology, arising early or, more often, during the late phases of disease. Prevalence cannot be estimated accurately because previous figures of 5-30% of all cancer patients have progressively reduced thanks to the widespread use of bisphosphonates for the prevention of(More)
UNLABELLED None of the available osteoporosis therapies have been shown to completely abolish the risk of fractures. In clinical practice, the outcome may be even poorer. In 880 patients prescribed with antiresorptives (alendronate, risedronate, and raloxifene) for >1 year, a fragility fracture was recorded in 8.9%/year of them. This incidence is(More)
The aim of our study was to retrospectively assess the effect of treatment on bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with Cushing's syndrome. Nineteen patients (17 women, 2 men; mean age +/- SD, 41 +/- 10 years; preoperative duration of disease 20 +/- 15 months) were studied. Six patients had a cortisol-producing adenoma and 13 had pituitary-dependent(More)
The relationship between bone formation markers osteocalcin (OC) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (bALP) and age in postmenopausal women was investigated. Forty-eight osteoporotic women (median age 62, range 49-76 years) were enrolled in the study. There were 17 (35%) patients aged 49-59 years (Group A), and 31 (65%) patients aged over 59 years (Group(More)
Osteodystrophy is a major complication of end-stage liver disease, especially in postmenopausal women. Our aim in this study was to evaluate bone metabolism and gonad function in men undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTx). Twenty-three consecutive men (mean age 48+/-13 years) evaluated for OLTx were studied, assessing the following parameters at(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteopenia/osteoporosis is being increasingly reported as a complication of many chronic diseases, even in children. In this preliminary study, we evaluated the effect of an oral bisphosphonate (alendronate) on bone mass in children with diffuse connective tissue diseases. METHODS Thirty-eight children with low bone mass were treated with(More)
Bone matrix is composed mainly of inorganic materials, while the bone organic compartment is a minor and complex structural entity, surrounding and supporting cells. Three major classes of biomolecules are involved in this organic part: structural proteins, specialized proteins, and proteoglycans. This review will briefly summarize our knowledge about the(More)