Giovanni Luca Beretta

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Ovarian cancer is the main cause of death from gynaecological malignancies. In spite of the efficacy of platinum-paclitaxel treatment in patients with primary epithelial ovarian carcinoma, platinum-based chemotherapy is not curative and resistance remains one of the most important causes of treatment failure. Although ABC transporters have been implicated(More)
ST1968 is a novel hydrophilic camptothecin (CPT) derivative of the 7-oxyiminomethyl series. Because ST1968 retained ability to form remarkably stable cleavable complexes, this study was done to investigate its preclinical profile of antitumor activity in a large panel of human tumor models, including irinotecan-resistant tumors. Although less potent than(More)
PURPOSE We previously reported that the G-quadruplex (G4) ligand RHPS4 potentiates the antitumor activity of camptothecins both in vitro and in tumor xenografts. The present study aims at investigating the mechanisms involved in this specific drug interaction. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Combination index test was used to evaluate the interaction between G4(More)
Herein, we study the nanomechanical characteristics of single DNA molecules in the presence of DNA binders, including intercalating agents (ethidium bromide and doxorubicin), a minor groove binder (netropsin) and a typical alkylating damaging agent (cisplatin). We have used magnetic tweezers manipulation techniques, which allow us to measure the contour and(More)
To investigate the cellular/molecular basis of the activity of a novel lipophilic camptothecin, gimatecan (ST1481), against slowly proliferating cells, we performed a comparative study of topotecan and gimatecan in human bladder cancer models (HT1376 and MCR). Gimatecan was significantly more effective than topotecan in inhibiting the growth of HT1376(More)
Atypical retinoids are potent inducers of apoptosis, but activation of the apoptotic pathway seems to be independent of retinoid receptors. Previous studies with a novel adamantyl retinoid, ST1926, have shown that apoptosis induction is associated with an early genotoxic stress. To better understand the relevance of these events, we have selected a subline(More)
A series of water-soluble camptothecins obtained by linking a spermidine moiety to the 21-position of the open form through an amidic bond have been tested for their biochemical and biological activities. Growth inhibition assay on the human non-small cell lung cancer carcinoma NCI-H460 cell line revealed that the camptothecin analogues were less potent(More)
Topoisomerase IB (Top1) has essential functions in higher eukaryotes, but effective anticancer agents can transform it into a lethal DNA-cleaving toxin. Fusion of the yeast Gal4 DNA-binding protein domain (amino acids 1-105; Gal4DBD) to the NHz terminus of full-length human Top1 results in a GalTop chimera that maintains basic properties of the two parent(More)
Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) relies on the aberrant activation of RET proto-oncogene. Though targeted approaches (i.e., tyrosine kinase inhibitors) are available, the absence of complete responses and the onset of resistance mechanisms indicate the need for novel therapeutic interventions. Due to their role in regulation of gene expression, G-quadruplexes(More)
Purpose: We previously reported that the G-quadruplex (G4) ligand RHPS4 potentiates the antitumor activity of camptothecins both in vitro and in tumor xenografts. The present study aims at investigating the mechanisms involved in this specific drug interaction. Experimental Design: Combination index test was used to evaluate the interaction between G4(More)
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