Giovanni Luca Beretta

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ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are a large family of proteins implicated in physiological cellular functions. Selected components of the family play a well-recognized role in extruding conventional cytotoxic antitumor agents and molecularly targeted drugs from cells. Some lines of evidence also suggest links between transporters and tumor cell(More)
The cellular response to the antitumor drug cisplatin is complex, and resistance is widespread. To gain insights into the global transcriptional response and mechanisms of resistance, we used microarrays to examine the fission yeast cell response to cisplatin. In two isogenic strains with differing drug sensitivity, cisplatin activated a stress response(More)
Camptothecins are potent antitumor agents that stabilize the covalent binding of topoisomerase I to DNA forming a reversible ternary complex which, following collision with the replication forks, converts the single-strand breaks into lethal double-strand breaks. This cytotoxic mechanism has been originally ascribed to the closed lactone form, because(More)
In an attempt to synthesize potential anticancer agents acting by inhibition of topoisomerase I (Topo I) a new series of oxyiminomethyl derivatives in position 7 of camptothecin (CPT) was prepared. The synthesis relied on the condensation of 20S-CPT-7-aldehyde or 20S-CPT-7-ketones with alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, arylalkyl, and heteroarylalkyl O-substituted(More)
Three hundred fifteen patients with operable gastric cancer were randomized to receive fluorouracil, Adriamycin (doxorubicin; Adria Laboratories, Columbus, OH), and mitomycin (FAM) or no adjuvant treatment between September 1981 and July 1984. After excluding ineligible patients, 281 patients are included in this analysis. Treatment was moderately well(More)
DNA topoisomerase II (Top2) is an essential nuclear enzyme and a target of very effective anticancer drugs including anthracycline antibiotics. Even though several aspects of drug activity against Top2 are understood, the drug receptor site is not yet known. Several Top2 mutants have altered drug sensitivity and have provided information of structural(More)
BACKGROUND Topoisomerase I is required for DNA relaxation during critical cellular functions. The identification of camptothecins as specific enzyme inhibitors and their clinical efficacy have stimulated extensive efforts to exploit topoisomerase I as a tumor target and explain the putative mechanisms of antitumor-specific action. OBJECTIVE This review(More)
Luotonin A is a cytotoxic alkaloid that has been shown to inhibit topoisomerase I via stabilization of the binary complex topoisomerase-DNA in the same fashion as camptothecin. The synthesis and the cytotoxic activity on the lung carcinoma cell line H460 of a series of derivatives of Luotonin A is reported. The compounds inhibit topoisomerase I but show(More)
Ovarian cancer is the main cause of death from gynaecological malignancies. In spite of the efficacy of platinum-paclitaxel treatment in patients with primary epithelial ovarian carcinoma, platinum-based chemotherapy is not curative and resistance remains one of the most important causes of treatment failure. Although ABC transporters have been implicated(More)
The synthesis and the X-ray structure of 16a-thiocamptothecin (TCPT), the thiopyridone analog of camptothecin (CPT), are accomplished. The crystal contains two structurally identical, yet independent molecules. Both of them are connected to other molecules via two intermolecular hydrogen bonds. S-methylation of TCPT leads to the cleavage of the C-ring. The(More)