Giovanni Lentini

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The antimyotonic activity of chiral derivatives of mexiletine and tocainide, selected as potent use-dependent blockers of skeletal muscle sodium channels, was evaluated in vivo acutely in myotonic ADR mice. The compounds had either aromatic (Me4 and Me6) or branched isopropyl groups (Me5 and To1) on the asymmetric centre, or had this latter one methylene(More)
In striated fibers, the activity of mexiletine (Mex)-like sodium channel blockers is strongly modulated by the part of the molecule nearby the asymmetric carbon atom. A lipophilic aromatic phenyl group at this levels, as in 2-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)-1-phenylethanamine (Me4), markedly increases drug potency, while an increased distance between the stereogenic(More)
We previously showed that the β-adrenoceptor modulators, clenbuterol and propranolol, directly blocked voltage-gated sodium channels, whereas salbutamol and nadolol did not (Desaphy et al., 2003), suggesting the presence of two hydroxyl groups on the aromatic moiety of the drugs as a molecular requisite for impeding sodium channel block. To verify such an(More)
Optically active mexiletine analogues were synthesized and evaluated in vitro as use-dependent blockers of skeletal muscle sodium channels. The mexiletine analogues were obtained by replacing either the methyl group on the stereogenic center of mexiletine [1-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)propan-2-amine] with a phenyl group or modifying the phenoxy moiety (by removal(More)
1. Searching for the structural requirements improving the potency and the stereoselectivity of Na(+) channel blockers as antimyotonic agents, new derivatives of tocainide, in which the chiral carbon atom is constrained in a rigid alpha-proline or pyrrolo-imidazolic cycle, were synthesized as pure enantiomers. 2. Their ability to block Na(+) currents,(More)
To search for potent use-dependent blockers of skeletal muscle sodium channels as potential antimyotonic agents, the actions of newly synthesized chiral analogs of mexiletine and tocainide were tested in vitro on sodium currents of single fibers of frog semitendinosus muscle by vaseline-gap voltage clamp method. The effect of each drug on the maximal peak(More)
The optical isomers (-)-(S)- and (+)-(R)-3-(2, 6-dimethylphenoxy)-2-methyl-1-propanamine (Me2), homologues of the antiarrhythmic and antimyotonic drug mexiletine (Mex), were synthesized and assayed as new potential antimyotonic agents. As observed with Mex, Me2 exhibits an enantioselective behaviour. Tests carried out on sodium currents of single muscle(More)
The effects of the enantiomers of mexiletine were tested on sodium currents of frog skeletal muscle fibers recorded by means of the three vaseline gap voltage clamp method and compared with the effects produced by tocainide enantiomers. The R-(-) mexiletine produced a tonic block of the sodium current, elicited by single depolarizing test pulses from the(More)
Newly synthesized tocainide analogs were tested for their state-dependent affinity and use-dependent behavior on sodium currents (INa) of adult skeletal muscle fibers by means of the Vaseline-gap voltage clamp method. The drugs had the pharmacophore amino group constrained in position alpha [N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide (To5)] or beta(More)
Both enantiomers of "para-hydroxymexiletine" (PHM), one of the main metabolites of mexiletine, were synthesized and fully characterized. Properties of (R)- and (S)-PHM, in terms of blocking potency and stereoselectivity on frog skeletal muscle Na(+) channels, were evaluated. The presence of a hydroxy group on the aryloxy moiety in the 4-position, as in PHM,(More)