Giovanni Lentini

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The effects of the enantiomers of mexiletine were tested on sodium currents of frog skeletal muscle fibers recorded by means of the three vaseline gap voltage clamp method and compared with the effects produced by tocainide enantiomers. The R-( − ) mexiletine produced a tonic block of the sodium current, elicited by single depolarizing test pulses from the(More)
To search for potent use-dependent blockers of skeletal muscle sodium channels as potential antimyotonic agents, the actions of newly synthesized chiral analogs of mexiletine and tocainide were tested in vitro on sodium currents of single fibers of frog semitendinosus muscle by vaseline-gap voltage clamp method. The effect of each drug on the maximal peak(More)
1. Searching for the structural requirements improving the potency and the stereoselectivity of Na(+) channel blockers as antimyotonic agents, new derivatives of tocainide, in which the chiral carbon atom is constrained in a rigid alpha-proline or pyrrolo-imidazolic cycle, were synthesized as pure enantiomers. 2. Their ability to block Na(+) currents,(More)
The optical isomers (-)-(S)- and (+)-(R)-3-(2, 6-dimethylphenoxy)-2-methyl-1-propanamine (Me2), homologues of the antiarrhythmic and antimyotonic drug mexiletine (Mex), were synthesized and assayed as new potential antimyotonic agents. As observed with Mex, Me2 exhibits an enantioselective behaviour. Tests carried out on sodium currents of single muscle(More)
A series of tocainide chiral analogues were designed, synthesized, and evaluated in vitro, in pure enantiomeric form, as use-dependent blockers of skeletal muscle sodium channels to better understand the structural requirements responsible for the antimyotonic activity. The voltage clamp recordings showed a remarkable increase of both potency and(More)
In striated fibers, the activity of mexiletine (Mex)-like sodium channel blockers is strongly modulated by the part of the molecule nearby the asymmetric carbon atom. A lipophilic aromatic phenyl group at this levels, as in 2-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)-1-phenylethanamine (Me4), markedly increases drug potency, while an increased distance between the stereogenic(More)
1 The antiarrhythmic drug mexiletine (Mex) is also used against myotonia. Searching for a more efficient drug, a new compound (Me5) was synthesized substituting the methyl group on the chiral carbon atom of Mex by an isopropyl group. Effects of Me5 on Na+ channels were compared to those of Mex in rat skeletal muscle fibres using the cell-attached patch(More)
The antiarrhythmic drug tocainide (5a) and some related chiral alpha-amino and alpha-imino anilides (5b-e) were synthesized in optically active form. The antinociceptive effects of the different stereoisomers of these compounds were examined and it was found that the analgesic effect of tocainide is due only to its (-)-(R)-enantiomer. Benzyl replacement for(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels are known to play a pivotal role in perception and transmission of pain sensations. Gain-of-function mutations in the genes encoding the peripheral neuronal sodium channels, hNav1.7-1.9, cause human painful diseases. Thus while treatment of chronic pain remains an unmet clinical need, sodium channel blockers are considered as(More)
Newly synthesized tocainide analogs were tested for their state-dependent affinity and use-dependent behavior on sodium currents (INa) of adult skeletal muscle fibers by means of the Vaseline-gap voltage clamp method. The drugs had the pharmacophore amino group constrained in position alpha [N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide (To5)] or beta(More)