Giovanni Greco

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We report that oxytocin (OT), a primitive neurohypophyseal hormone, hitherto thought solely to modulate lactation and social bonding, is a direct regulator of bone mass. Deletion of OT or the OT receptor (Oxtr) in male or female mice causes osteoporosis resulting from reduced bone formation. Consistent with low bone formation, OT stimulates the(More)
Two unrelated families with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) show apparent autosomal recessive inheritance rather than the previously reported autosomal dominant or X-linked recessive mode of inheritance. Compared with the other modes of inheritance, the inherited clinical features here include earlier onset (at birth) and a more severe(More)
During space flight, severe losses of bone mass are observed. Both bone formation and resorption are probably involved, but their relative importance remains unclear. The purpose of this research is to understand the role of osteoclasts and their precursors in microgravity-induced bone loss. Three experiments on isolated osteoclasts (OCs) and on their(More)
Adenosine induces glioma cell proliferation by means of an antiapoptotic effect, which is blocked by cotreatment with selective A(3) AR antagonists. In this study, a novel series of N(2)-substituted pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidines 2a-u was developed as highly potent and selective A(3) AR antagonists. The most performing compounds were derivatives 2a (R(1) =(More)
Novel N,N-disubstituted indol-3-ylglyoxylamides (1-56), bearing different combinations of substituents R 1-R 5, were synthesized and evaluated as ligands of the translocator protein (TSPO), the 18 kDa protein representing the minimal functional unit of the "peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor" (PBR). Most of the new compounds showed a(More)
Recently, blink-related delta oscillations (delta BROs) have been observed in healthy subjects during spontaneous blinking at rest. Delta BROs have been linked with continuous gathering of information from the surrounding environment, which is classically attributed to the precuneus. Furthermore, fMRI studies have shown that precuneal activity is reduced or(More)
Pyrrolobenzoxazepinones (PBOs) represent a new class of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors (NNRTIs) whose prototype is 5. Molecular modeling studies based on the X-ray structures of HIV-1 RT prompted the synthesis of novel analogues which were tested as anti-HIV agents. The PBO derivatives(More)
In an effort to identify novel ligands possessing high affinity and selectivity for the A(2B) AR subtype, we further investigated the class of 3-aryl[1,2,4]triazino[4,3-a]benzimidazol-4(10H)-ones V, previously disclosed by us as selective A(1) AR antagonists. Preliminary assays on a number of triazinobenzimidazoles derived from our "in-house" collection(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Calcific aortic valvular disease (CAVD) is an actively regulated process characterized by the activation of specific osteogenic signaling pathways and apoptosis. We evaluated the involvement in CAVD of the TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), an apoptotic molecule which induces apoptosis by interacting with the death receptor(More)