Giovanni Grazioso

Learn More
Heteromeric nAChRs are pentameric cation channels, composed of combinations of two or three α and three or two β subunits, which play key physiological roles in the central and peripheral nervous systems. The prototypical agonist nicotine acts intracellularly to upregulate many nAChR subtypes, a phenomenon that is thought to contribute to the nicotine(More)
α6β2* Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are expressed in selected central nervous system areas, where they are involved in striatal dopamine (DA) release and its behavioral consequences, and other still uncharacterized brain activities. α6β2* receptors are selectively blocked by the α-conotoxins MII and PIA, which bear a characteristic N-terminal amino acid(More)
A homeostatic concentration of glutamate in the synaptic cleft ensures a correct signal transduction along the neuronal network. An unbalance in this concentration can lead to neuronal death and to severe neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's. Glutamate transporters play a crucial role in this respect because they are responsible for(More)
The fast and constant development of drug-resistant bacteria represents a serious medical emergence. To overcome this problem, the development of drugs with new structures and modes of action is urgently needed. In this context, avibactam represents a promising, innovative inhibitor of beta-lactamases with a novel molecular structure compared to previously(More)
Herein we report the synthesis of a set of constrained peptidomimetics endowed with an electrophilic vinyl ester warhead and structurally related to a previously identified lead compound, a potent and irreversible inhibitor of falcipain-2 (FP-2). FP-2 is the main hemoglobinase of the malaria parasite P. falciparum. The new compounds were evaluated for their(More)
Herein we report on the multicomponent synthesis of a novel imidazole-based compound, able to act efficiently as a minimalist β-strand mimic. Biological evaluation proved its ability to impair the LDLR-PCSK9 protein-protein interaction, disclosing it as the first small molecule exerting a PCSK9-mediated hypocholesterolemic effect.
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has been recently identified as a new useful target for hypercholesterolemia treatment. This work demonstrates that natural peptides, deriving from the hydrolysis of lupin protein and absorbable at intestinal level, are able to inhibit the protein-protein interaction between PCSK9 and the low density(More)
This paper describes the synthesis of racemic 3,5-dihydro-5-methyl-7,8-methylenedioxy-4H-2,3-benzodiazepin-4-one (+/-)-5, attempted stereoselective synthesis of its enantiomers, chiral HPLC resolution of the racemate, and assignment of the absolute configuration. Enantiomer (5S)-(-)-5 is provided with an in vivo anticonvulsant activity 8 times higher than(More)
A combined quantum mechanical (QM)-polarized docking and molecular dynamics approach to study the binding mode and to predict the binding affinity of ligands acting at the alpha4beta2-nAChR is presented. The results obtained in this study indicate that the quantum mechanical/molecular mechanics docking protocol well describes the charge-driven interactions(More)
In the search for nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChRs) agonists with a selective affinity for the homomeric alpha7 channels, we carried out the virtual screening of a test set of potential nicotinic ligands, and adopted a simplified MM-PBSA approach to estimate their relative binding free energy values. By means of this procedure, previously validated(More)