Giovanni Gerardo Cardellino

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BACKGROUND Bone scanning (BS), liver ultrasonography (LUS) and chest radiography (CXR) are commonly used in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer as part of baseline staging. However, in the absence of symptomatic disease, the usefulness of this routine diagnostic work-up is not evidence-based. METHODS We selected the study sample from 516(More)
The effects of a cable car trip from 1370 m (4500 ft) to 3460 m (11350 ft) were studied in 6 lowlanders (3 men and 3 women, mean age 31 +/- 4 years, living at an altitude of less than 500 m) and in 10 highlanders (all males, mean age 37 +/- 12 years, ski teachers and cable car workers working for greater than or equal to 6 months/year at a greater than 3000(More)
e15597 Background: Few regimens showed efficacy in advanced pancreatic cancer patients (pts) who had failed a first-line gemcitabine-based therapy. However, there is growing evidence suggesting that second-line treatment may provide further disease control in selected pts. Both pemetrexed and oxaliplatin demonstrated activity in this setting, and their(More)
The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system includes uPA and plasminogen activator inhibitor types 1 (PAI-1) and 2 that mainly act by regulating extracellular matrix degradation, and it is involved in tumor progression. The -675 4G/5G polymorphism of the PAI-1 gene regulates PAI-1 activity in serum. We aimed at studying the -675 4G/5G polymorphism of(More)
BACKGROUND Preclinical data have indicated a synergistic interaction between docetaxel and capecitabine by means of taxane-induced up-regulation of thymidine phosphorylase (TP). On the basis of such premises, we conducted a phase II trial to determine the activity and tolerability of weekly docetaxel plus capecitabine in patients with metastatic breast(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite significant improvements in systemic chemotherapy over the last two decades, the prognosis of patients with advanced disease remains dismal. Collaborative, high-quality research and advances in high-throughput technologies have contributed to elucidate molecular pathways underpinning disease progression and have stimulated many clinical(More)
We have investigated the immunohistochemical expression of thymidine phosphorylase before and after the administration of anthracycline, and/or anthracycline/taxane-based preoperative chemotherapy in a consecutive series of 55 patients with primary operable breast cancer. Pretreatment, large core breast biopsies and the corresponding surgical samples were(More)
The magnitude and duration of the anti-hypertensive effect of slow-release nicardipine (SR-Nicardipine) have been compared with placebo in 36 uncomplicated essential hypertensives (diastolic BP 95 to 115 mm Hg after 1-month placebo washout). According to a double-blind, randomized, cross-over design they received SR-Nicardipine 40 mg b.d. and placebo for 1(More)
Advanced gastric cancer ranks second as the global leading cause of cancer-related death and improvements in systemic chemotherapy have reached a plateau. Advanced molecular sequencing techniques help identifying patients more likely to respond to targeted agents; nevertheless we are still far from major breakthroughs. Although antiangiogenic drugs have(More)