Giovanni Fernando Torelli

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BACKGROUND Tobacco smoking reduces appetite and body weight. Cessation of smoking leads to hyperphagia and weight gain. Food intake is a function of meal number (MN) and meal size (MZ) (i.e., Food intake = MN x MZ). The effect of nicotine on these feeding components and their relationships to dopamine and serotonin in the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA)(More)
To gain some insight into the role of c-myb and c-fes in myeloid differentiation, the authors have analyzed the ability of HL60 cells to differentiate in response to several different inducers after inhibition of c-myb and c-fes function. This function has been inhibited almost completely by using deoxynucleotides complementary to two 18-nucleotide(More)
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), also known as Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV), has been shown to be the causative agent for Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and to be more prevalent in populations or risk groups at increased risk for KS. HHV-8 infection is rare in children from the US and the UK, but has been reported in African children. In this study we(More)
In the majority of Philadelphia (Ph)-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients, the c-abl gene is fused to the bcr gene, resulting in the transcription of an 8.5 kb chimeric bcr-abl mRNA, which is translated into a p210bcr-abl fusion protein. In about 50% of the Ph-positive acute lymphoid leukemias (ALL), the bcr-abl gene fusion is identical to CML,(More)
Microenvironmental factors contribute to the immune dysfunction characterizing acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) is an interferon (IFN)-γ-inducible enzyme that degrades tryptophan into kynurenine, which, in turn, inhibits effector T cells and promotes regulatory T-cell (Treg) differentiation. It is presently unknown whether(More)
BACKGROUND Normally the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) and the ventromedial nucleus (VMN) interact to regulate food intake (FI), the product of meal number (MN) and meal size (MZ), by changes in neurotransmitters, mainly dopamine and serotonin. Change in LHA dopamine influences meal size; while in VMN, decreasing dopamine and increasing serotonin levels(More)
Herein we show that a majority of human brain tumor samples and cell lines over-expressed cannabinoid receptor CB1 as compared to normal human astrocytes (NHA), while uniformly expressed low levels of CB2. This finding prompted us to investigate the therapeutic exploitation of CB1 inactivation by SR141716 treatment, with regard to its direct and indirect(More)
BACKGROUND PNH is associated with abdominal vein thrombosis, which can cause splenomegaly and hypersplenism. The combination of thrombosis, splenomegaly, and thrombocytopenia (TST) is challenging because anticoagulants are indicated but thrombocytopenia may increase the bleeding risk. Splenectomy could alleviate thrombocytopenia and reduce portal pressure,(More)
To study the role of the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) dopamine and serotonin in the regulation of feeding pattern during obesity, embryonic dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons from mesencephalon and rombencephalon of lean rats were grafted into the LHA of adult obese Zucker rats. Compared to the pregrafting period, a smaller increase in meal size(More)
Considerable evidence has been accumulating in favor of a possible involvement of viral agents in the pathogenesis of human lymphomas. The most recent proposal for a lymphoma classification, the Revised European-American Classification, emphasized for the first time the pathogenetic importance of two viruses, namely Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and human T(More)