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The psychological aspects (personal traits, way of relating to the surrounding environment, perception of body image, degree of self-esteem) of eight adults with childhood onset growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) were studied before and after 6 months of recombinant GH therapy. Each subject was evaluated using the following tests: the Bem Sex Role test,(More)
Somatic mutations in the alpha-chain (alpha s) of the stimulatory regulatory protein of adenylyl cyclase (Gs) causing constitutive activation of the enzyme have been identified in a subset of human GH-secreting pituitary adenomas. This study reports on the differences between acromegalic patients bearing tumors without (group 1; n = 51) or with (group 2; n(More)
Acromegaly is frequently associated with the presence of thyroid disorders, however the exact prevalence is still controversial. An Italian multicenter study was performed on 258 patients with active acromegaly (high levels of IGF-I and lack of suppression of serum GH levels below 2 microg/l after an OGTT). The control group was represented by 150 patients(More)
In the last few years, molecular studies on pituitary adenomas have yielded several lines of evidence supporting a primary pituitary origin for these tumors. In fact, analyses of x-chromosomal inactivation show that the great majority of pituitary tumors are monoclonal in origin, suggesting that one or more mutations are responsible for the selective(More)
OBJECTIVE Radiotherapy (RT) has been used for many years in order to complete the cure of unsuccessfully operated acromegalic patients. Several studies have shown its efficacy in normalizing GH levels, while reports about IGF-I normalization are conflicting. Moreover, data regarding other markers of disease activity, such as IGFBP-3 and acid-labile subunit(More)
The effects of the acute administration of sodium-valproate (400 mg po) on plasma ACTH levels were studied in 4 patients with Cushing's disease, 1 with Nelson's syndrome and in 3 with Addison's disease. No significant reduction of corticotropin concentration was observed, as compared to saline infusion. These data do not favor the hypothesis of an(More)
Serum bone Gla protein (BGP) and bone alkaline phosphatase (B-AP), markers of bone formation, carboxyterminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP), marker of bone resorption, and aminoterminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP) levels, index of collagen synthesis, were determined in 8 adults (mean age +/- SE: 29.6 +/- 1.2 yr) with(More)
Although somatostatin inhibits a variety of pituitary and non-pituitary hormones, not univocal data on its effects on ACTH release have been reported so far. In this study we investigated the effects of somatostatin or octreotide on ACTH levels of patients with corticotropin hypersecretion: 7 patients with Addison's disease, 2 patients previously(More)
The interactions among short stature, growth hormone (GH) and cognitive functions have been extensively studied so far. However, although it seems well established that short stature is associated with cognitive problems, little effort has been made to point out the presence of specific psychological effects related to the different forms of short stature.(More)
Previous studies have suggested that certain cases of idiopathic central hypothyroidism of hypothalamic origin may result from the secretion of biologically inactive thyrotropin. To investigate this possibility and to define the mechanism of defective hormone action, we measured the adenylate cyclase-stimulating bioactivity (B) and receptor-binding (R)(More)