Giovanni Faglia

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The psychological aspects (personal traits, way of relating to the surrounding environment, perception of body image, degree of self-esteem) of eight adults with childhood onset growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) were studied before and after 6 months of recombinant GH therapy. Each subject was evaluated using the following tests: the Bem Sex Role test,(More)
In the last few years, molecular studies on pituitary adenomas have yielded several lines of evidence supporting a primary pituitary origin for these tumors. In fact, analyses of x-chromosomal inactivation show that the great majority of pituitary tumors are monoclonal in origin, suggesting that one or more mutations are responsible for the selective(More)
In recent years, remarkable progress has been made in the understanding of the pathogenesis of pituitary tumors. Pituitary tumors originate from the uncontrolled proliferation of a single transformed cell in which an initiating event has caused a gain of proliferative function. After the initiation, promoting factors cooperate in the clonal expansion.(More)
Growth hormone (GH) increase after thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) has been documented in many pathological conditions. In order to evaluate whether exposure to growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF) might contribute to this effect in normal subjects, we studied GH responses to placebo, TRH, GRF and GRF plus TRH either in basal condition or after GRF(More)
Introduction of somatostatin analogs has greatly contributed to improving the prognosis of acromegaly. Although the majority of patients are effectively treated by these agents, resistance occurs in a subset of patients. So far, resistance to somatostatin has never been associated with mutations of the somatostatin receptor subtypes (sst2 and sst5) that(More)
Elevated serum glycoprotein hormone alpha-subunit (alpha-subunit) levels are seen in about one of six patients bearing pituitary adenomas. This finding has particular clinical significance in patients with nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas. Moreover, the measurement of alpha-subunit along with the calculation of the molar ratio between alpha-subunit and(More)
Several evidence suggest that pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptides (PACAP-38 and -27) could function as hypophysiotropic factors. Both peptides interact with either the type I receptor, which preferentially binds the two PACAPs and has a much lower affinity for vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) or the type II receptor, which binds the(More)
G proteins are involved in the transduction of external signals from cell surface receptors to intracellular effectors. Somatic mutations activating the a-subunit of G(s) (the stimulatory regulatory protein of adenylyl cyclase) by inhibiting its intrinsic GTPase activity have been first identified in human GH-secreting adenomas and subsequently found in(More)
In order to investigate the influence of dopamine (DA) in modulating prolactin (PRL) response to vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), VIP (75 micrograms i.v. over 12 min) was administered to normal women and patients with microprolactinomas during saline or DA (0.06 micrograms/kg BW/min) infusion. In 8 normal women VIP caused PRL to rise from 7.9 +/-(More)
The criteria by which acromegalic patients are considered "cured" after surgical therapy are still controversial. Since the abnormal growth hormone (GH) increase after the administration of some agents has been demonstrated to be characteristic of the tumoral somatotrophs, its disappearance after surgery may be taken as an index of the complete removal of(More)