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Somatic mutations in the alpha-chain (alpha s) of the stimulatory regulatory protein of adenylyl cyclase (Gs) causing constitutive activation of the enzyme have been identified in a subset of human GH-secreting pituitary adenomas. This study reports on the differences between acromegalic patients bearing tumors without (group 1; n = 51) or with (group 2; n(More)
Previous studies have suggested that certain cases of idiopathic central hypothyroidism of hypothalamic origin may result from the secretion of biologically inactive thyrotropin. To investigate this possibility and to define the mechanism of defective hormone action, we measured the adenylate cyclase-stimulating bioactivity (B) and receptor-binding (R)(More)
The recorded number of patients with central hyperthyroidism due to TSH-secreting pituitary adenoma doubled in the last few years after the introduction of ultrasensitive TSH assays in the assessment of thyroid function; however, information about the results and the criteria for cure after pituitary surgery is scanty. Seventeen patients with a(More)
Cabergoline (Cab), a very potent and long-lasting dopaminergic compound, was administered to 26 women with pituitary microprolactinoma [mean serum PRL levels: 124.8 +/- 11.3 micrograms/l (+/- SE), range 62-300 micrograms/l] and 3 patients with GH-secreting pituitary adenoma (2 with associated PRL hypersecretion) for 12 and 24 months, respectively. In(More)
Pituitary tumorigenesis is characterized by initiation, implying spontaneous or acquired mutations and promotion, implying that tumour expansion is sustained by intrinsic or extrinsic promoting factors. Pituitary tumours have a doubling time of 100 to 700 days. Seventy per cent of cases occur in 30 to 50-year-old patients, but tumours with highest growth(More)
The psychological aspects (personal traits, way of relating to the surrounding environment, perception of body image, degree of self-esteem) of eight adults with childhood onset growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) were studied before and after 6 months of recombinant GH therapy. Each subject was evaluated using the following tests: the Bem Sex Role test,(More)
Medical therapy is frequently needed to normalize growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor I secretion in acromegaly. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term effects of the slow-release (SR) somatostatin analogue lanreotide in 57 acromegalic patients. SR lanreotide (30 mg) was given every 14 days for 12 months. In 33% of patients, the drug(More)
OBJECTIVE Both in vivo and in vitro evidence indicates that primary hyperparathyroidism is characterized by a reduced sensitivity to extracellular calcium ([Ca2+]o). The existence of alterations in the expression and signalling of calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) in parathyroid neoplasia is still uncertain. In order to clarify the role of CaSR in the reduced(More)
Introduction of somatostatin analogs has greatly contributed to improving the prognosis of acromegaly. Although the majority of patients are effectively treated by these agents, resistance occurs in a subset of patients. So far, resistance to somatostatin has never been associated with mutations of the somatostatin receptor subtypes (sst2 and sst5) that(More)