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At a young age, ischemic stroke is an uncommon event in which prothrombotic factors are likely to play an important role. In 202 referred cases, 105 men and 97 women, median age 39 years (range, 3 to 50), with a history of ischemic stroke and in 1036 age frequency-matched apparently healthy individuals from the same ethnic background, we have investigated(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene (SERPINE1) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on the risk of myocardial infarction (MI), on PAI-1 levels, and factors related to the metabolic syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS Eleven SNPs capturing the common genetic variation of the(More)
Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a very rare disease, caused by the development of autoantibodies, directed against circulating factor VIII of coagulation. Age distribution is bimodal, with a first peak occurring among young women in the postpartum period, and a second major peak of incidence among elderly patients in whom it is frequently associated with(More)
In the peripheral arteries, a thrombus superimposed on atherosclerosis contributes to the progression of peripheral artery disease (PAD), producing intermittent claudication (IC), ischemic necrosis, and, potentially, loss of the limb. PAD with IC is often undiagnosed and, in turn, undertreated. The low percentage of diagnosis (∼30%) in this setting of PAD(More)
BACKGROUND Severe hyperhomocysteinemia due to cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency (CbetaSD) is associated with early atherothrombotic vascular disease. Homocysteine may exert its effects by promoting oxidative damage. In the present study, we investigated whether in vivo formation of 8-iso-prostaglandin (PG) F(2alpha), a platelet-active product of(More)
A family history of ischemic events is a major determinant of coronary artery disease (CAD). Plasma levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) modulate this risk. A deletion/insertion polymorphism within the PAI-1 locus (4G/5G) affects the expression of this gene. We investigated the relationship between the PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism in 1179 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The mechanisms of ischemic stroke in young adults are poorly understood. During the last years, several studies suggested a role for genetic factors predisposing to thrombophilia and for moderate hyperhomocysteinemia in this setting. METHODS We evaluated in 132 consecutive patients (66 males, 66 females; mean+/-SD age, 38.4+/-11.7(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The epsilon4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (apoE) has been related to the occurrence of myocardial infarction, but its association with ischemic stroke is controversial. We have evaluated the relation between apoE alleles and the occurrence of cerebrovascular ischemia. METHODS The apoE epsilon genotypes of 100 patients with a(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate prospectively the effect of weight loss on the achievement of minimal disease activity (MDA) in overweight/obese patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) starting treatment with tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) blockers. METHODS Among subjects with PsA starting treatment with TNFα blockers, 138 overweight/obese patients received a(More)
The relevance of elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in cardiovascular disease is gaining increasing recognition. A family history of coronary artery disease is a major determinant of coronary artery disease in the offspring. In a cohort of 1048 individuals without clinical evidence of atherosclerosis, we investigated the relationships between CRP(More)