Giovanni Corsetti

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Recent evidence points to a strong relationship between increased mitochondrial biogenesis and increased survival in eukaryotes. Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) have been shown to extend chronological life span in yeast. However, the role of these amino acids in mitochondrial biogenesis and longevity in mammals is unknown. Here, we show that a(More)
We have evaluated the expression of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR subtypes 2/3, 4 and 5) in rat thymus under normal and experimental conditions after 2 and 21 days of cyclosporine-A treatment. In normal rats, immunohistochemical analysis showed that expression of mGluRs was high in dendritic cells and lymphocytes of the medulla whereas it was weak(More)
BACKGROUND Carfilzomib (CFZ) is a new proteasome inhibitor used for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Besides heart failure, angina and myocardial ischemia occurred following administration of CFZ, which is not contraindicated in patients with recent myocardial infarction/unstable angina excluded from the safety trials. AIM OF STUDY To test the effects(More)
The principal goal in treating surgical and non-surgical wounds, in particular for aged skin, is the need for rapid closure of the lesion. Cutaneous wound healing processes involve four phases including an inflammatory response with the induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines. If inflammation develops in response to bacterial infection, it can create a(More)
Cyclosporine A (CsA), a fungal undecapeptide, is the most common immunosuppressive drug used in organ transplantation and auto-immune diseases. However, it has severe side effects mainly on renal structures and functions. Therefore, nephrotoxicity is the major limiting side effect. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are molecular chaperones, that are induced or(More)
We have re-evaluated, using the anterograde tracer biocytin, supraspinal efferent projections from the parabrachial complex (PBN) to gain new information about the nature of its connections and nerve terminal patterns. We selectively injected biocytin into the 3 main regions of the nucleus (lateral PBN, medial PBN and Kölliker-Fuse nucleus). We observed(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Data obtained from muscle biopsies have demonstrated altered insulin signaling (IS) in patients with MetS. The IS regulates critical cell functions including molecular-regulated cellular metabolite fluxes, protein and energetic metabolism, cell(More)
We aimed to assess whether a specific mixture of amino acid (AA) supplements counteracts the metabolic and functional changes in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat heart model. Adult male Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups (n = 10 each) and treated for 43 days: nondiabetic controls, nondiabetic rats given an AA mixture (0.1 g/kg per day),(More)
The effects of cisplatin (cis-DDP) therapeutic treatment on the cytoplasmic compartment of satellite cells (SC) of rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) were evaluated. Female Wistar rats were treated once a week with i.p. injection of cis-DDP (2 mg/kg) for 9 weeks. Morpho-quantitative changes of the cytoplasmatic organelles in SC cytoplasm from L4-L6 DRG were(More)
The effects of high-potency statins on renal function are controversial. To address the impact of statins on renal morpho-functional aspects, normotensive young mice were treated with rosuvastatin (Rvs). Moreover, because statins may impair mitochondrial function, mice received either dietary supplementation with an amino acid mixture enriched in essential(More)