Giovanni Chiari

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Regular physical activity plays a key role in the management of children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus but it is not considered as a treatment for diabetes. Aim of this study was to investigate time spent exercising, adherence to the programme for a safe exercise and ability of young people with diabetes to take appropriate measures to(More)
In this study the effectiveness of a quantitative test of beta-hydroxybutyrate (beta-HBA) against a commercial test for urine ketone bodies (UKB) in monitoring diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) was evaluated to verify whether this ketone-testing method was able to reduce the monitoring costs and professional burden of nurses and physicians. Thirty-three children(More)
We present three adolescents unknown to be G-6-PD deficient who developed haemolytic anaemia after admission for diabetes at onset uncomplicated by ketoacidosis. These patients had no bacterial infections and had not ingested haemolytic drugs. The fall in glucose availability after the correction of hyperglycaemia is proposed as capable of inducing(More)
Very little is known about the differences in breakfast of children performing physical activity in the morning. This paper analyzed the breakfast habits of 747 boys and 455 girls, distributed in 2 homogeneous age groups, 6-10 and 11-14 year-old, participating in a Summer Sport School. Children were asked whether, when, where, how and with whom they(More)
OBJECTIVES Abdominoscrotal hydrocele (ASH) is an apparently highly uncommon clinical entity especially in childhood, with only about 80 pediatric cases reported in the modern literature. METHODS The incidence, diagnosis, and treatment of ASH are discussed with reference to 9 cases observed at our institution and to cases in the literature. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVE To shorten the period of carbohydrate intolerance preceding the diagnosis of IDDM in children. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) was studied in newly diagnosed diabetic children aged 6-14 years, in the area of Parma, Italy, 8 years after an information program on DKA was introduced to teachers, students,(More)
BACKGROUND Autoimmune disorders are considered to be associated with a Th1 immune response while allergic diseases with a Th2 response. We carried out a study to determine whether there is an inverse relationship between allergic diseases in IgE-sensitized children or positive skin-prick test reactions to allergens and type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) in(More)
D iabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in children with type 1 diabetes at onset is considered an increased risk factor of death and is generally related to a long duration of misdiagnosed hyperglycemiaassociated symptoms (1). Shortening this latency period could be a winning preventive strategy. In the period of 1991– 1997, we investigated this hypothesis in the(More)
This study is aimed at answering the question whether the demands of the intensified diabetes management and good metabolic control may influence the Quality of Life (QOL) of adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D), and that of their parents. Overall, 153 adolescents were involved (78 males, mean age 15.0 +/- 2.3 median age 14.6 years; average diabetes(More)
We present the results obtained in the follow-up of 66 children with vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR) of different grades (111 refluxing renal units, RU; the VUR being bilateral in 47 children), employing the renal cortical agent 99mTc-aprotinin (TcA). Together with the visual inspection of the scan, we adopted a quantitative approach, expressing the results as(More)