The compact genome of Fugu rubripes, with its very small introns, appears to be particularly suitable to study intron-encoded functions. We have analyzed the Fugu gene for ribosomal protein S7 (formerly S8, see Note), whose Xenopus homolog contains in its introns the coding sequences for the small nucleolar RNA U17. Except for intron length, the… (More)
INTRODUCTION Metformin is proposed as adjuvant therapy in cancer treatment because of its ability to limit cancer incidence by negatively modulating the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. In vitro, in addition to inhibiting cancer cell proliferation, metformin can also induce apoptosis. The molecular mechanism underlying this second effect is still poorly characterized… (More)
Detailed knowledge of the influence of various parameters on macromolecular solubility is essential for crystallization. The concept of so-called 'ionic strength reducers' provides insight into the changes in solubility induced by organic solvents and hydrophilic polymers in aqueous electrolytic solutions. A simple and efficient procedure is presented which… (More)
14-3-3 proteins are a family of ubiquitous dimeric proteins that modulate many cellular functions in all eukaryotes by interacting with target proteins. 14-3-3s exist as a number of isoforms that in Arabidopsis identifies two major groups named ε and non-ε. Although isoform specificity has been demonstrated in many systems, the molecular basis for the… (More)
COUP-TFI promotes radial migration and proper morphology of callosal projection neurons by repressing Rnd2 expression. Development and evolution of the muscles of the pelvic fin. Morphology of pelvic fin loss in a zebrafish strain (Danio rerio). mpeg1 promoter transgenes direct macrophage-lineage expression in zebrafish.