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Detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) has proven to provide independent prognostic information for treatment stratification in several types of leukemias such as childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and acute promyelocytic leukemia. This report focuses on the accurate quantitative measurement of fusion gene (FG)(More)
The molecular approach for the analysis of leukemia associated chromosomal translocations has led to the identification of prognostic relevant subgroups. In pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common translocations, t(9;22) and t(4;11), have been associated with a poorer clinical outcome. Recently the TEL gene at chromosome 12p13 and the(More)
Detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) has prognostic value in many hematologic malignancies, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Quantitative MRD data can be obtained with real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) analysis of immunoglobulin and T-cell(More)
Interleukin-7 receptor α (IL7R) is required for normal lymphoid development. Loss-of-function mutations in this gene cause autosomal recessive severe combined immune deficiency. Here, we describe somatic gain-of-function mutations in IL7R in pediatric B and T acute lymphoblastic leukemias. The mutations cause either a serine-to-cysteine substitution at(More)
Mutations in exon 12 of the nucleophosmin (NPM1) gene occur in about 60% of adult AML with normal karyotype. By exploiting a specific feature of NPM1 mutants, that is insertion at residue 956 or deletion/insertion at residue 960, we developed highly sensitive, real-time quantitative (RQ) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays, either in DNA or RNA, that are(More)
BACKGROUND There is little current insight into the natural history of childhood leukaemia or the timing of relevant mutational events. TEL-AML1 gene fusion due to chromosomal translocation is frequently seen in the common form of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. We investigated whether this abnormality arises prenatally. METHODS We identified, by(More)
The prognostic value of MRD in large series of childhood T-ALL has not yet been established. Trial AIEOP-BFM-ALL 2000 introduced standardized quantitative assessment of MRD for stratification, based on immunoglobulin and TCR gene rearrangements as polymerase chain reaction targets: Patients were considered MRD standard risk (MRD-SR) if MRD was negative at(More)
Pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) comprises genetically distinct subtypes. However, 25% of cases still lack defined genetic hallmarks. To identify genomic aberrancies in childhood ALL patients nonclassifiable by conventional methods, we performed a single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) array-based genomic analysis of leukemic cells from 29 cases.(More)
Chromosome translocation to generate the TEL-AML1 (also known as ETV6-RUNX1) chimeric fusion gene is a frequent and early or initiating event in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Our starting hypothesis was that the TEL-AML1 protein generates and maintains preleukemic clones and that conversion to overt disease requires secondary genetic(More)
SHP-2 is a protein tyrosine phosphatase functioning as signal transducer downstream to growth factor and cytokine receptors. SHP-2 is required during development, and germline mutations in PTPN11, the gene encoding SHP-2, cause Noonan syndrome. SHP-2 plays a crucial role in hematopoietic cell development. We recently demonstrated that somatic PTPN11(More)