Giovanni Broggi

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Transformed, oncogenic precursors, possessing both defining neural-stem-cell properties and the ability to initiate intracerebral tumours, have been identified in human brain cancers. Here we report that bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), amongst which BMP4 elicits the strongest effect, trigger a significant reduction in the stem-like, tumour-initiating(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively determine the sensitivity and specificity of functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for mapping language and motor functions in patients with a focal mass adjacent to eloquent cortex, by using intraoperative electrocortical mapping (ECM) as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS The ethics committee approved the study,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine surgical findings and results of microvascular decompression (MVD) for trigeminal neuralgia (TN), including patients with multiple sclerosis, to bring new insight about the role of microvascular compression in the pathogenesis of the disorder and the role of MVD in its treatment. METHODS Between 1990 and 1998, 250 patients affected by(More)
Reliable data on large cohorts of patients with glioblastoma are needed because such studies differ importantly from trials that have a strong bias toward the recruitment of younger patients with a higher performance status. We analyzed the outcome of 676 patients with histologically confirmed newly diagnosed glioblastoma who were treated consecutively at a(More)
PURPOSE Recent data suggest that methylation of the DNA repair gene O(6)-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), by increasing the chemosensitivity of glioblastoma multiforme, is significantly associated with improved prognosis. Results in contradiction with these findings, however, are present in the literature and the clinical and genetic context(More)
Despite decades of clinical trials investigating new treatment modalities for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), there have been no significant treatment advances since the 1980s. Reported median survival times for patients with GBM treated with current modalities generally range from 9 to 19 months. The purpose of the current study is to retrospectively review(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the results of deep brain stimulation of the ipsilateral posterior hypothalamus for the treatment of drug-resistant chronic cluster headaches (CHs). A technique for electrode placement is reported. METHODS Because recent functional studies suggested hypothalamic dysfunction as the cause of CH bouts, we explored the therapeutic(More)
Neuroimaging studies in cluster headache (CH) patients have increased understanding of attack-associated events and provided clues to the pathophysiology of the condition. They have also suggested stimulation of the ipsilateral posterior inferior hypothalamus as a treatment for chronic intractable CH. After 8 years of experience, stimulation has proved(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients operated on for supratentorial cavernous angiomas were studied to define the incidence and the course of seizures in their clinical history. Electroclinical and neuroradiological data were correlated with the location of cavernomas. The impact of lesionectomy on the outcome of seizures was evaluated. METHODS Preoperative clinical data(More)
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE To report on a single case of arteriovenous micromalformation (micro-AVM) of the trigeminal root that was diagnosed during microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia with the use of indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 52-year-old woman with drug-resistant trigeminal neuralgia underwent a(More)