Giovanni Bottegoni

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The endocannabinoid anandamide is removed from the synaptic space by a selective transport system, expressed in neurons and astrocytes, that remains molecularly uncharacterized. Here we describe a partly cytosolic variant of the intracellular anandamide-degrading enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase-1 (FAAH-1), termed FAAH-like anandamide transporter (FLAT),(More)
The use of multiple X-ray protein structures has been reported to be an efficient alternative for the representation of the binding pocket flexibility needed for accurate small molecules docking. However, the docking performance of the individual single conformations varies widely, and adding certain conformations to an ensemble is even counterproductive.(More)
REV-ERBα and REV-ERBβ nuclear receptors regulate several physiological processes, including circadian rhythm and metabolism. A previous study reported the REV-ERBα gene to be co-overexpressed with ERBB2 in breast cancer cell lines. Surprisingly, we found that several tumor types, including a number of breast cancer cell lines, predominantly express the(More)
The enzymatic activity of the CDK2/Cyclin A complex increases upon the specific phosphorylation of Thr160@CDK2. In the present study, we have performed a comparative molecular dynamics (MD) study of models of the complex CDK2/Cyclin A/Substrate, which differ for the presence or absence of the phosphate group bound to Thr160. The models are based on two(More)
Eight monomeric congeners, related to the multitarget lead candidate memoquin, were prepared and evaluated at multiple targets to determine their profile against Alzheimer's disease. 2-4 bind to AChE with similar low nanomolar affinities and function as effective inhibitors of amyloid aggregation. The most potent monovalent ligand 2 also inhibits BACE-1 in(More)
The representation of protein flexibility is still a challenge for the state-of-the-art flexible ligand docking protocols. In this article, we use a large and diverse benchmark to prove that is possible to improve consistently the cross-docking performance against a single receptor conformation, using an equilibrium ensemble of binding site conformers. The(More)
Ligand-docking is an established computational technique universally applied in structure-based drug design. Since the first attempts carried out in the early '80s to predict the three-dimensional conformation of a protein-ligand bound complex, this methodology has evolved constantly and it is presently implemented in many different ways. The present study(More)
Protein kinases represent an attractive target in oncology drug discovery. Most of kinase inhibitors are ATP-competitive and are called type I inhibitors. The ATP-binding pocket is highly conserved among members of the kinase family and it is difficult to find selective agents. Moreover, the ATP-competitive inhibitors must compete with high intracellular(More)
The role of virtual ligand screening in modern drug discovery is to mine large chemical collections and to prioritize for experimental testing a comparatively small and diverse set of compounds with expected activity against a target. Several studies have pointed out that the performance of virtual ligand screening can be improved by taking into account(More)
Acid ceramidase (AC) is an intracellular cysteine amidase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the lipid messenger ceramide. By regulating ceramide levels in cells, AC may contribute to the regulation of cancer cell proliferation and senescence and to the response to cancer therapy. We recently identified the antitumoral agent carmofur (4a) as the first(More)