Giovanni Biggio

Learn More
Molecular Neurobiology Unit (E.A.B.), Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, London, England; Neuroscience Discovery (P.S.), Lilly Research Laboratories, Indianapolis, Indiana; Department of Pharmacology (R.W.O.), U.C.L.A. School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California; Institute of Pharmacology (H.M.), ETH and University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland;(More)
The relation between changes in brain and plasma concentrations of neurosteroids and the function and structure of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors in the brain during pregnancy and after delivery was investigated in rats. In contrast with plasma, where all steroids increased in parallel, the kinetics of changes in the cerebrocortical(More)
The effects of social isolation on behavior, neuroactive steroid concentrations, and GABA(A) receptor function were investigated in rats. Animals isolated for 30 days immediately after weaning exhibited an anxiety-like behavioral profile in the elevated plus-maze and Vogel conflict tests. This behavior was associated with marked decreases in the(More)
The time courses of changes in rat brain neuroactive steroid concentrations and gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor function elicited by acute stress were investigated in animals exposed to CO2 for 1 min, a treatment known to induce stress in rats and panic attacks in humans. Inhalation of CO2 induced increases in cerebral cortical steroid(More)
An interaction with the GABA type A (GABA(A)) receptor has long been recognized as one of the main neurochemical mechanisms underlying many of the pharmacological actions of ethanol. However, more recent data have suggested that certain behavioral and electrophysiological actions of ethanol are mediated by an increase in brain concentration of neuroactive(More)
Rat cerebellar granule cells were cultured for 5 days with progesterone, resulting in the conversion of progesterone to allopregnanolone, a potent and efficacious modulator of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type-A receptors, as well as in decreases in the abundance of GABA(A) receptor alpha(1), alpha(3), alpha(5), and gamma(2) subunit mRNAs. These effects(More)
The possible functional relation between changes in brain and plasma concentrations of neurosteroids and the plasticity of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptors in the brain during pregnancy and after delivery was investigated in rats. The concentrations in the cerebral cortex and plasma of pregnenolone as well as of progesterone and its(More)
The discovery that the endogenous steroid derivatives 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20-one (allopregnanolone, or 3 alpha,5 alpha-TH PROG) and 3 alpha,21-dihydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20-one (allotetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone, or 3 alpha,5 alpha-TH DOC) elicit marked anxiolytic and anti-stress effects and selectively facilitate gamma-aminobutyric acid(More)
The progesterone derivative 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20 one (allopregnanolone/AP) and the deoxycorticosterone derivative 3 alpha-21-dihydroxy-5 alpha- pregnan-20 one (allotetra-hydrodeoxycorticosterone/THDOC) are endogenous neuroactive steroids endowed with neuromodulatory actions in the central nervous system. Their best-characterized(More)