Giovanni Battista Maestrale

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The extent of linkage disequilibrium (LD) is an important factor when designing experiments for mapping disease or trait loci using LD mapping methods. It depends on the population history and hence is a characteristic of each population. Here, we have assessed the extent of LD in a sub-isolate of the general Sardinian population (775 members of one(More)
Essential hypertension (EH) is a complex disorder that results from the interaction of a number of susceptibility genes and environmental factors. We studied an isolated Sardinian village (Talana) in which the prevalence of hypertension is comparable to that in most Western populations. Talana exhibits features, such as slow demographic growth, high(More)
Recent studies indicate that, whereas the Sardinian population as a whole is comparable to outbred populations for linkage disequilibrium (LD) mapping of common variants, LD in Sardinian sub-isolates is more extended, making these populations particularly suitable for this approach. To evaluate the extent of LD between microsatellite markers, we compared(More)
Genetic isolates represent exceptional resources for the mapping of complex traits but not all isolates are similar. We have selected a genetic and cultural isolate, the village of Talana from an isolated area of Sardinia, and propose that this population is suitable for the mapping of complex traits. A wealth of historical and archive data allowed the(More)
Renal stone formation is a common multifactorial disorder, of unknown etiology, with an established genetic contribution. Lifetime risk for nephrolithiasis is approximately 10% in Western populations, and uric acid stones account for 5%-10% of all stones, depending on climatic, dietary, and ethnic differences. We studied a small, isolated founder population(More)
In contrast to large GWA studies based on thousands of individuals and large meta-analyses combining GWAS results, we analyzed a small case/control sample for uric acid nephrolithiasis. Our cohort of closely related individuals is derived from a small, genetically isolated village in Sardinia, with well-characterized genealogical data linking the extant(More)
Recently, a major locus on chromosome 7q was found in association with the taste sensitivity to phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) in humans. This region contains the TAS2R38 gene that encodes a member of the TAS2R bitter taste receptor family. Three SNPs within this gene demonstrated a strong association with taster status in Utah families and in an additional(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an angiogenic and neurotrophic factor, secreted by endothelial cells, known to impact various physiological and disease processes from cancer to cardiovascular disease and to be pharmacologically modifiable. We sought to identify novel loci associated with circulating VEGF levels through a genome-wide association(More)
The yeast Hansenula polymorpha is able to grow on vanadate concentrations that are toxic to other organisms. Transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that H. polymorpha cells growing on a vanadate-containing medium undergo a significant increase in cell vacuolation and a thickening of the cell wall; the presence of small cytoplasmic vesicles and an(More)
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