Giovanni Azzone

Learn More
Addition of exogenous NADH to rotenone- and antimycin A-treated mitochondria, in 125 mM KCl, results in rates of oxygen uptake of 0.5-1 and 10-12 nanoatoms of oxygen X mg protein-1 X min-1 in the absence and presence of cytochrome c, respectively. During oxidation of exogenous NADH there is a fast and complete reduction of cytochrome b5 while endogenous or(More)
This paper reports an investigation on the effects of the hydrophobic, bifunctional SH group reagent phenylarsine oxide (PhAsO) on mitochondrial membrane permeability. We show that PhAsO is a potent inducer of the mitochondrial permeability transition in a process which is sensitive to both the oxygen radical scavanger BHT and to cyclosporin A. The(More)
5-Nitrofuran derivatives change the inner mitochondrial membrane permeability as indicated by the transmembrane potential, the rate of spontaneous K+ efflux and the basal respiratory rate: (a) at low concentrations nitrofurantoin prevents the increase of inner membrane permeability due to hydroperoxides or to diamide; (b) at higher concentrations or after(More)
Experimental data are reviewed that are not in keeping with the scheme of 'delocalized' protonic coupling in membrane-linked free-energy transduction. It turns out that there are three main types of anomalies: (i) rates of electron transfer and of ATP synthesis do not solely depend on their own driving force and on delta mu H, (ii) the ('static head') ratio(More)
Addition of A23187 plus EDTA to energized mitochondria in KCl medium determines a rapid osmotic swelling due to K+ uptake. The swelling is fully reversed by uncoupler, is stimulated by quinine, and is accompanied by membrane depolarization and increased rate of respiration. A23187-treated mitochondria passively swell in K+ thiocyanate at neutral pH, under(More)
We have analyzed the effects of n-hexane, 1-hexanethiol, and 1-hexanol on the coupled respiration of rat liver mitochondria. Incubation of mitochondria with n-hexane, 1-hexanethiol and 1-hexanol resulted in a stimulation, at low concentrations, and an inhibition, at high concentrations, of the state 4 mitochondrial respiration. Three criteria, all based on(More)