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Hyaluronan is a major carbohydrate component of the extracellular matrix and can be found in skin, joints, eyes and most other organs and tissues. It has a simple, repeated disaccharide linear copolymer structure that is completely conserved throughout a large span of the evolutionary tree, indicating a fundamental biological importance. Amongst(More)
Histological and chemical studies were carried out on the elastin and collagen content of the normal and the obstructed urinary bladder wall. The observations were made on 3 different age groups: (1) 3-month-old children with vesical outlet obstruction, (2) children aged between 4 and 8 years with partial vesical obstruction, and (3) adults with a(More)
PURPOSE To study levels and activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and -9 and their tissue inhibitor (TIMP-1) in tears of patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC), with and without severe corneal damage. METHODS Tear samples were obtained from 16 patients with active VKC and 10 normal control subjects, after clinical evaluation and tear(More)
In recent years, research on new, biocompatible, degradable materials has seen the development of a series of modified natural polymers. Among these, a new class of materials consisting of different hyaluronan derivatives promises to be useful in a whole range of clinical applications thanks to their varied biological properties. These new materials are(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive nitrogen species, formed via the reaction of nitric oxide (NO) with superoxide anion and via (myelo)peroxidase-dependent oxidation of NO(2)(-), have potent proinflammatory and oxidizing actions. Reactive nitrogen species formation and nitrosative stress are potentially involved in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)(More)
OBJECTIVE A significant amount of recent interest has been focused on the possibility that adult human stem cells are a realistic therapeutic alternative to embryonic stem cells. Multipotent stem cells that have characteristics reminiscent of embryonic neural crest stem cells have been isolated from several postnatal tissues, including skin, gut, dental(More)
In this study we coated a new biocompatible, nanostructured titanium alloy, Ti13Nb13Zr, with a thin layer of hydroxyapatite nanocrystals and we investigated the response of human bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal cells. The coating was realized using a slightly supersaturated CaP solution, which provokes a fast deposition of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite. A(More)
Atypical antipsychotics (APDs) are currently used in clinical practice for a variety of mental disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and severe behavioral disturbances. A well-known disadvantage of using these compounds is a propensity for weight gain, resulting frequently in obesity. The mechanisms underlying pharmacologically induced weight(More)
The current study was designed to investigate the biological role of small extracellular matrix fragments in wound healing. Human burn eschar tissue was digested with bacterial collagenase, and small aminoacidic fragments were inoculated in both human dermal fibroblast cultures and polyvinyl alcohol sponges implanted subcutaneously in the rat. Proliferation(More)
The influence of an exogenous supply of Na hyaluronate (HA) on the healing of superficial skin wounds in healthy and alloxan-induced diabetic rats was histologically assessed. Rats were treated by topical application on the wound site of a 2% Na hyaluronate solution. A facilitating effect of the HA-enrichment on wound repair processes (particularly(More)