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Hyaluronan is a major carbohydrate component of the extracellular matrix and can be found in skin, joints, eyes and most other organs and tissues. It has a simple, repeated disaccharide linear copolymer structure that is completely conserved throughout a large span of the evolutionary tree, indicating a fundamental biological importance. Amongst(More)
PURPOSE To study levels and activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and -9 and their tissue inhibitor (TIMP-1) in tears of patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC), with and without severe corneal damage. METHODS Tear samples were obtained from 16 patients with active VKC and 10 normal control subjects, after clinical evaluation and tear(More)
OBJECTIVE A significant amount of recent interest has been focused on the possibility that adult human stem cells are a realistic therapeutic alternative to embryonic stem cells. Multipotent stem cells that have characteristics reminiscent of embryonic neural crest stem cells have been isolated from several postnatal tissues, including skin, gut, dental(More)
Atypical antipsychotics (APDs) are currently used in clinical practice for a variety of mental disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and severe behavioral disturbances. A well-known disadvantage of using these compounds is a propensity for weight gain, resulting frequently in obesity. The mechanisms underlying pharmacologically induced weight(More)
The current study was designed to investigate the biological role of small extracellular matrix fragments in wound healing. Human burn eschar tissue was digested with bacterial collagenase, and small aminoacidic fragments were inoculated in both human dermal fibroblast cultures and polyvinyl alcohol sponges implanted subcutaneously in the rat. Proliferation(More)
PURPOSE To study the extracellular composition of giant papillae in vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) and the expression of growth factors that may stimulate fibrosis. METHODS Upper conjunctival specimens were obtained by biopsy in 9 patients affected by active tarsal VKC (14 eyes) and 10 normal control subjects. Immunohistochemistry was performed on(More)
Regeneration of mesenchymal tissues depends on a resident stem cell population, that in most cases remains elusive in terms of cellular identity and differentiation signals. We here show that primary cell cultures derived from adipose tissue or skeletal muscle differentiate into adipocytes when cultured in high glucose. High glucose induces ROS production(More)
PURPOSE A series of patients with concurrent transitional cell carcinoma involvement of the prostate and bladder is reviewed to define the impact of prostate involvement pathways and the degree of prostate invasion on survival rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 72 patients who underwent radical cystectomy for pathological stage pT4a (D1) cancer was(More)
The regeneration of damaged organs requires that engineered tissues mature when implanted at sites of injury or disease. We have used new analytic techniques to determine the extent of tissue regeneration after treatment of knee injury patients with a novel cartilage tissue engineering therapy and the effect of pre-existing osteoarthritis on the(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare hyaluronan and its alpha-methyl prednisolone derivative (HYC-141) with respect to their potential to directly cause tissue damage and to protect tissues from attack by reactive oxygen species. METHODS Cartilage samples and chondrocytes were isolated from 15-day chick embryos and were exposed to enzyme-based and activated inflammatory(More)