Giovanna del Vecchio Blanco

Learn More
BACKGROUND In coeliac disease (CD), the upper bowel lesion is associated with a marked infiltration of the mucosa with Th1 cells secreting interferon gamma (IFNgamma) and expressing the Th1-associated transcription factor, T-bet. However, the molecular mechanisms which regulate T-bet and promote the Th1 cell response are unknown. OBJECTIVE To examine(More)
Immunologically mediated tissue damage in the gut is associated with increased production of proinflammatory cytokines, which activate the transcription factor NF-kappaB in a variety of different cell types. The mechanisms/factors that negatively regulate NF-kappaB in the human gut and the pathways leading to the sustained NF-kappaB activation in gut(More)
CEA and CA19.9 are biomarkers routinely measured for monitoring treatment response in metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) patients, yet their predictive value during therapies containing new antineoplastic drugs (i.e. FOLFIRI/OLFOX/Bevacizumab) has not yet been investigated. Consecutive chemotherapy-naive MCRC patients treated with either standard(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS T-helper (Th)1 cells play a central role in the pathogenesis of tissue damage in Crohn's disease (CD). Interleukin (IL)-12/STAT4 signaling promotes Th1 cell commitment in CD, but other cytokines are needed to maintain activated Th1 cells in the mucosa. In this study, we examined the expression and role of IL-21, a T-cell-derived cytokine(More)
Celiac disease (CD)-associated inflammation is characterized by high interleukin- 21 (IL-21), but the mechanisms that control IL-21 production are not fully understood. Here we analyzed IL-21 cell sources and examined how IL-21 production is regulated in CD. Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) and lamina propria lymphocytes (LPLs), isolated from CD patients(More)
RCD [refractory CD (coeliac disease)] is characterized by severe symptoms/signs of malabsorption and mucosal damage unresponsive to a GFD (gluten-free diet). The pathogenesis of RCD is not fully understood. In the present paper, we have characterized the mucosal profile of effector cytokines in RCD. Duodenal biopsies were taken from patients with RCD,(More)
Celiac disease (CD) is a gluten-sensitive enteropathy associated with a marked infiltration of the mucosa with IFN-gamma-secreting Th1 cells. Recent studies have shown that a novel subset of T cells characterized by expression of high levels of IL-17A, termed Th17 cells, may be responsible for pathogenic effects previously attributed to Th1 cells. In this(More)
Bacterial overgrowth is frequent in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and can contribute to symptoms. Motility abnormalities can predispose to bacterial overgrowth. The hydrogen (H2) and methane (CH4) breath test is a sensitive and simple tool for the diagnosis of bacterial overgrowth and for the evaluation of orocecal transit time (OCTT). In this study,(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs are tiny non-coding small endogenous RNAs that regulate gene expression by translational repression, mRNA cleavage and mRNA inhibition. The aim of this study was to investigate the hypermethylation of miR-34b/c and miR-148a in colorectal cancer, and correlate this data to clinicopathological features. We also aimed to evaluate the(More)