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1. Current-clamp recordings were made in whole-cell patch-clamp configuration from ninety-one granule cells in parasagittal cerebellar slices obtained from 21- to 31-day-old rats. Recordings were performed at 30 degrees C. 2. Resting membrane potential was -58 +/- 6 mV (n = 43). The membrane voltage response to step current injection showed inward(More)
Although substantial knowledge has been accumulated on cerebellar granule cell voltage-dependent currents, their role in regulating electroresponsiveness has remained speculative. In this paper, we have used patch-clamp recording techniques in acute slice preparations to investigate the ionic basis of electroresponsiveness of rat cerebellar granule cells at(More)
Considerable interest has recently focused on the weaver mutation, which causes inward rectifier channel alterations leading to profound impairment of neuronal differentiation and to severe motor dysfunction in mice (Hess, 1996). The principal targets of mutation are cerebellar granule cells, most of which fail to differentiate and degenerate in a(More)
Although numerous Ca2+ channels have been identified in cerebellar granule cells, their role in regulating excitability remained unclear. We therefore investigated the excitable response in granule cells using whole cell patch-clamp recordings in acute rat cerebellar slices throughout the time of development (P4-P21, n = 183), with the aim of identifying(More)
The effects of 5-hydroxyindole (5-HI) have been investigated on human alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) expressed in Xenopus oocytes and GH4 cells, on native alpha 7 nAChRs expressed by IMR-32 cells and on alpha 7 nAChR-mediated events in mossy fibre-granule cell synapses in rat cerebellar slices. In oocytes expressing alpha 7 nAChRs, 5-HI(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are widely expressed in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). Despite this, very little was known, until recently, about their physiological role. In the periphery, nicotinic receptors mediate vital excitatory fast synaptic cholinergic transmission at both the neuromuscular junction and ganglia. In the brain,(More)
Nicotinic ACh receptors (nAChRs) are formed by pentameric combinations of alpha and beta subunits, differentially expressed throughout the central nervous system (CNS), where they have been shown to play a role in the modulation of neurotransmitter release. nAChRs are also important during neuronal differentiation, regulating gene expression and(More)
Positive allosteric modulators of centrally expressed nicotinic acetylcholine receptors have therapeutic potentials in areas of cognition, motor function and reward. Several chemical classes of allosteric modulators that are selective for alpha7 nicotinic receptors have been characterised, but potentiators for the most widely expressed alpha4beta2 nicotinic(More)
Neuronal nicotinic ACh receptor (nAChR) activation is known to enhance glutamate and GABA release in different brain areas. Moreover, nAChRs play an important role in neuronal differentiation. By using the patch-clamp technique, we have investigated the presence of nAChRs in cerebellar granule cells in slices from P5-P14 rats. Application of ACh (1 mM)(More)
BACKGROUND Predictive indexes of weaning from mechanical ventilation are often inaccurate. Among the many indexes used in clinical practice, the rapid shallow breathing index is one of the most accurate. We evaluated a new weaning index consisting in the diaphragm thickening fraction (DTF) assessed by ultrasound. METHODS Forty-six patients were(More)