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BACKGROUND To evaluate whether the addition of a probiotic could improve Helicobacter pylori (H.P.) eradication rates and reduce the side effects of treatment in children. METHODS Between July 2008 and July 2011 all patients with a clinical, laboratory and endoscopic diagnosis of H.P. positive gastritis referred to our Unit were included in the study.(More)
Adverse reactions after ingestion of cow's milk proteins can occur at any age, from birth and even amongst exclusively breast-fed infants, although not all of these are hypersensitivity reactions. The most common presentations related to cow's milk protein allergy are skin reactions, failure to thrive, anaphylaxis as well as gastrointestinal and respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing number of children with chronic disease require a complete medical examination to be able to practice physical activity. Particularly children with solitary functioning kidney (SFK) need an accurate functional evaluation to perform sports activities safely. The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of regular physical(More)
An increasing body of literature data suggests that inflammation, and in particular neuroinflammation, is involved in the pathophysiology of particular forms of epilepsy and convulsive disorders. Animal models have been used to identify inflammatory triggers in epileptogenesis and inflammation has recently been shown to enhance seizures. For example,(More)
Some studies showed that in celiac patients the immunological response to vaccination is similar to that one found in general population except for vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV). The non-responsiveness to HBV vaccine has also been described in healthy people, nevertheless the number of non-responders has been demonstrated to be higher in celiac(More)
In patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), there is an increasing incidence of some uncommon respiratory pathogens, such as Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and Achromobacter xylosoxidans. In order to evaluate the prevalence and the clinical impact of these pathogens, we retrospectively studied a total of 109 patients followed(More)
Granuloma annulare has been widely described in adults in association with systemic diseases such as type 1 diabetes mellitus. However in childhood this relationship remains unclear. We report the case of an 8-year-old girl, with multiple granuloma annulare as first clinical manifestation of type one diabetes mellitus.
Allergen immunotherapy is a subject widely debated by allergists. Currently, there are controversial discussions focused on the sublingual route. Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) has so far been used in Europe, Asia and Australia for the treatment of allergic respiratory diseases. The minimum age to start specific immunotherapy with inhalant allergens in(More)
Recent experimental studies and pathological analyses of patient brain tissue samples with refractory epilepsy suggest that inflammatory processes and neuroinflammation plays a key-role in the etiopathology of epilepsy and convulsive disorders. These inflammatory processes lead to the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines responsible for(More)
Latest research data have emphasized the interaction between the nervous and the immune systems. In this regard, it has been demonstrated that the disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) secondary to peripheral inflammation may play a key role in this relationship. This assumption is linked to recent findings according to which units that constitute the(More)