Giovanna Ventura

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OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to determine whether poor hygiene practices are owing to difficulty in getting enough water and/or to ignorance of sanitary principles. METHODS In a water-scarce shantytown in Lima, Peru, we observed in 12-hour periods over 3 consecutive days the amount of water and soap used for personal and domestic activities in 53(More)
We used direct observer techniques to measure the frequency with which toddler-aged children were contaminated by poultry feces in homes in a peri-urban shanty town in Lima, Peru. The mean number of fowl was 5.4 (SD 3.1), with 10.0 (SD 10.7) poultry defecations per 12 hours. Toddlers' hand contact with poultry feces occurred a mean of 2.9 (SD 3.0) times/12(More)
To the Editor: We read with great interest the study by Fitzpatrick et al, showing how, in preschool children with persistent asthma, the type 2 inflammation biomarkers (ie, aeroallergen sensitization and/or increased blood eosinophilic counts) are strong predictors of a positive therapeutic response to daily inhaled corticosteroid treatment. To our(More)
Figure 2. Magnetic resonance imaging shows a lesion occupying one-half of the sphenoidal sinus with no involvement of other sinuses. A 12-year-old boy was admitted to the hospital with a 3-day history of strabismus, diplopia, and worsening of a headache of which he had been complaining for 3 months, without nocturnal awakenings. The headache worsened during(More)
Background Patients with full-house nephropathy (FHN) present renal lesions that are indistinguishable from those of lupus nephritis (LN) but lack the systemic features necessary to meet diagnostic criteria for systemic lupus erithematosus (SLE). Some have been reported to develop a delayed SLE with time. The clinical outcome of children having FHN without(More)
BACKGROUND The term orofacial granulomatosis is conventionally used to describe patients with granulomatous lesions affecting the orofacial tissues, in absence of intestinal lesions. Lip swelling and facial swelling are the most common clinical signs. Despite the fact that histologically it is not distinguishable from Crohn's disease, and that both diseases(More)
BACKGROUND TNF-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a pleiotropic cytokine, which plays a key role in the immune system as well as in controlling the balance of apoptosis and proliferation in various organs and tissues. OBJECTIVE To investigate the presence and levels of soluble TRAIL in human colostrum and milk. METHODS The levels of soluble(More)