Giovanna Serino

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SCF ubiquitin ligases control various processes by marking regulatory proteins for ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. To illuminate how SCF complexes are regulated, we sought proteins that interact with the human SCF component CUL1. The COP9 signalosome (CSN), a suppressor of plant photomorphogenesis, associated with multiple cullins and promoted cleavage of(More)
The COP9 signalosome is an evolutionary conserved multiprotein complex of unknown function that acts as a negative regulator of photomorphogenic seedling development in Arabidopsis. Here, we show that plants with reduced COP9 signalosome levels had decreased auxin response similar to loss-of-function mutants of the E3 ubiquitin ligase SCFTIR1. Furthermore,(More)
Plastid transformation is reported in Arabidopsis thaliana following biolistic delivery of transforming DNA into leaf cells. Transforming plasmid pGS31A carries a spectinomycin resistance (aadA) gene flanked by plastid DNA sequences to target its insertion between trnV and the rps12/7 operon. Integration of aadA by two homologous recombination events via(More)
The tobacco N gene confers resistance to Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) and encodes a toll-interleukin-1 receptor/nucleotide binding/Leu-rich repeat class protein. Recent evidence indicates that the Nicotiana benthamiana Rar1 gene (NbRar1), which encodes a protein with a zinc finger motif called CHORD (Cys- and His-rich domain), is required for the function of(More)
Cullin-based E3 ubiquitin ligases play important roles in the regulation of diverse developmental processes and environmental responses in eukaryotic organisms. Recently, it was shown in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Caenorhabditis elegans, and mammals that Cullin3 (CUL3) directly associates with RBX1 and BTB domain proteins in vivo to form a new family of E3(More)
The pleiotropic constitutive photomorphogenic/deetiolated/fusca (cop/det/fus) mutants of Arabidopsis exhibit features of light-grown seedlings when grown in the dark. Cloning and biochemical analysis of COP9 have revealed that it is a component of a multiprotein complex, the COP9 signalosome (previously known as the COP9 complex). Here, we compare the(More)
The COP9 signalosome is a highly conserved eight-subunit protein complex initially defined as a repressor of photomorphogenic development in Arabidopsis. It has recently been suggested that the COP9 signalosome directly interacts and regulates SCF type E3 ligases, implying a key role in ubiquitin-proteasome mediated protein degradation. We report that(More)
The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is an evolutionarily conserved multisubunit protein complex that regulates a variety of biological processes. Among its eight subunits, CSN5 and CSN6 contain a characteristic MPN (for Mpr1p and Pad1p N-terminal) domain and, in Arabidopsis thaliana, are each encoded by two genes: CSN5A, CSN5B and CSN6A, CSN6B, respectively. We(More)
The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a multiprotein complex that was initially identified in plants as a repressor of photomorphogenesis. It is now known to play major roles in several other developmental pathways, from auxin response to flower development. Furthermore, the COP9 signalosome shares homologies with the lid sibcomplex of the proteasome and is(More)
The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a conserved protein complex that functions in the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. After two decades of research, we now know that the CSN is a multi-subunit protease that regulates the activity of cullin-RING ligase (CRL) families of ubiquitin E3 complexes. The CSN is rapidly emerging as a key player in the DNA-damage response,(More)