Giovanna Murari

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In a previous study we ascertained the presence of sigma1 and sigma2 recognition sites in the rabbit iris-ciliary body, an ocular structure involved in aqueous humor production and drainage. We characterized the sigma1 sites using the preferential ligand (+)-pentazocine, which caused a significant reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP). In the present(More)
In this study we employed the neuroblastoma x glioma NG 108-15 cell line as a model for investigating the effects of long-term activation of cannabinoid receptors on delta opioid receptor desensitization, down-regulation and gene expression. Exposure of NG 108-15 cells to (-)-delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) reduced opioid receptor binding,(More)
In this study, we examined agonist-induced internalization, recycling and signalling (measure of cAMP levels) of the cloned human nociceptin receptor (hNOP) expressed in CHO-K1 cells. Internalization was proven by a receptor-binding assay on viable cells. The agonist nociceptin/orphanin FQ (NC) promoted rapid internalization of the hNOP receptor(More)
An extract of cannabis (5 and 15 mg/kg expressed as delta 9-THC) orally administered to rats caused an elevation of the nociceptive threshold (tail-flick latency and vocalization tests). Naloxone and naltrexone (blockers of mu-type opiate receptors) as well as MR 1452 (blocker of kappa opiate receptors) did not prevent the antinociceptive effect of cannabis(More)
This study with the rat evaluated the contribution of omega-conotoxin GVIA-(omega-CgTx) and verapamil-sensitive Ca2+ channels in behavioural, antinociceptive and thermoregulatory responses to intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of [D-Ala2,NMePhe4,Gly-ol5]enkephalin (DAMGO), [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE) and dynorphin A-(1-17), which are selective(More)
Bile acids may play a role in the pathogenesis of intestinal inflammation by activating the signalling pathways that control cell proliferation, among other cell systems. We investigated the action of different bile acids, particularly chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), on steady-state and transcriptional regulation of the(More)
We previously described a novel endomorphin-1 analogue (Tyr-L-beta-Pro-Trp-Phe-NH(2); Endo1-beta-Pro) more resistant to enzymatic hydrolysis than endomorphin-1 that acts as a mu-opioid receptor agonist. In this study we report that Endo1-beta-Pro, s.c. injected in the mouse, is an effective antinociceptive agent in the tail flick (ED(50)=9.2 mg/kg) and(More)
Rats exposed to combined cold and restraint exhibited a reduced intensity of gastric damage when pre-treated intraperitoneally with morphine HCl or with the synthetic enkephalin analog [D-Ala2, MePhe4, Met(0)5ol]enkephalin (FK 33-824). Morphine HCl and FK 33-824 prevented some of the indices of the lesion also when injected intracerebroventricularly;(More)
The behavioral responses of the rat to an extract of Cannabis sativa were examined after IP injection of 5, 15 and 30 mg/kg (expressed as delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol). The lowest dose of the extract induced stereotyped behavior (rhythmic head movements, intermittent gnawing and sniffing) together with hypersensitivity to stimuli and hyperthermia. The(More)