Giovanna Mottola

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For many years our knowledge on hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication has been based on in vitro experiments or transfection studies. Recently, the first reliable system for studying viral replication in tissue culture cells was developed. Taking advantage of this system, we examined in detail the localization of viral nonstructural (NS) proteins in cells(More)
Hepatitis C virus glycoproteins E1 and E2 do not reach the plasma membrane of the cell but accumulate intracellularly, mostly in the endoplasmic reticulum. Previous studies based on transient expression assays have shown that the transmembrane domains of both glycoproteins are sufficient to localize reporter proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum and that(More)
Many endoplasmic reticulum (ER) proteins maintain their residence by dynamic retrieval from downstream compartments of the secretory pathway. In previous work we compared the retrieval process mediated by the two signals, KKMP and KDEL, by appending them to the same neutral reporter protein, CD8, and found that the two signals determine a different(More)
In mammalian cells, resident luminal and type I transmembrane proteins of the endoplasmic reticulum usually contain KDEL and KKXX at the carboxyl terminus. These sequences induce retrieval from compartments located downstream in the secretory pathway. It has been suggested that the retrieval may occur from multiple sites, ranging from the intermediate(More)
In addition to apicobasal polarization, some epithelia also display polarity within the plane of the epithelium. To what extent polarized endocytosis plays a role in the establishment and maintenance of planar cell polarity (PCP) is at present unclear. Here, we investigated the role of Rabenosyn-5 (Rbsn-5), an evolutionarily conserved effector of the small(More)
Dugesia japonica planarian flatworms are naturally exposed to various microbes but typically survive this challenge. We show that planarians eliminate bacteria pathogenic to Homo sapiens, Caenorhabditis elegans, and/or Drosophila melanogaster and thus represent a model to identify innate resistance mechanisms. Whole-transcriptome analysis coupled with RNAi(More)
To establish the specific contribution to protein topology of KKXX and KDEL retrieval motifs, we have determined by immunogold electron microscopy and cell fractionation the intracellular distribution at steady state of the transmembrane and anchorless versions of human CD8 protein, tagged with KKXX (CD8-E19) and KDEL (CD8-K), respectively, and stably(More)
Massimo D’Agostino, Giusy Tornillo, Maria Gabriella Caporaso, Maria Vittoria Barone, Eric Ghigo, Stefano Bonatti* and Giovanna Mottola* Dipartimento di Biochimica e Biotecnologie Mediche, University of Naples ‘Federico II’, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy Dipartimento di Pediatria, European Laboratory For the Investigation of Food Induced Disease,(More)
E3 ubiquitin ligases give specificity to the ubiquitylation process by selectively binding substrates. Recently, their function has emerged as a crucial modulator of T-cell tolerance and immunity. However, substrates, partners and mechanism of action for most E3 ligases remain largely unknown. In this study, we identified the human T-cell co-receptor CD8(More)
Ticagrelor, a P2Y12 receptor antagonist, significantly reduces the incidence of major cardiovascular events in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) compared with standard treatment with clopidogrel (1). It has been suggested that this benefit effect may be accounted for by its pleiotropic properties via a purinergic mechanism. Indeed, ticagrelor increases the(More)