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Bep mRNAs, i.e., maternal messengers coding for cell surface proteins, are localized in the animal part of Paracertrotus lividus egg and embryos. Here we have examined the involvement of the cytoskeleton in asymmetric distribution of bep3 mRNA. Moreover, in order to understand whether and how cis- and trans-acting factors are necessary for bep3 mRNA(More)
We have isolated and characterized a cDNA clone corresponding to a new member of bep (butanol, extracted, proteins) Paracentrotus lividus multigene family coding for cell surface proteins. The cDNA, called bep3, encodes a 370 amino acid protein and shares the same structural organization in the coding region with other members of the same gene family(More)
We have identified and partially characterised two antigens, extracted with 3% butanol, from Paracentrotus lividus embryos dissociated at the blastula stage, and encoded by the cDNA clones previously described as bep1 and bep4 (bep-butanol extracted proteins). The cDNA fragments containing the specific central portions of bep1 and bep4 were expressed as MS2(More)
The temporal expression of two cell surface proteins, called BEP1 and BEP4, during Paracentrosus lividus embryonic development was studied. These proteins are found in both monomeric and dimeric forms in egg and embryos and we have established that their specific form is related to their being in the cytoplasm or on the cell surface. The spatial(More)
A distinctive feature of Alzheimer's disease is the deposition of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) in senile or diffuse plaques. The 42 residue beta-peptide (Abeta42) is the predominant form found in plaques. In the present work we report a high-yield expression and purification method of production of a recombinant Abeta42. The purified recombinant peptide(More)
Bep mRNAs are localized at the animal pole of P. lividus eggs. In the present communication the secondary structures of the 3'UTRs of the bep1, bep3 and bep4 mRNAs are reported. The minimal lengths of these regions required to bind the 54-kDa protein, previously shown to be involved in localization and anchoring of these RNAs, is estimated. Microinjection(More)
Fibril deposit formation of amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) in the brain is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Increasing evidence suggests that toxicity is linked to diffusible Abeta oligomers, which have been found in soluble brain extracts of AD patients, rather than to insoluble fibers. Here we report a study of the toxicity of two distinct forms of(More)
Oxidative stress and dysfunctional mitochondria are among the earliest events in AD, triggering neurodegeneration. The use of natural antioxidants could be a neuroprotective strategy for blocking cell death. Here, the antioxidant action of ferulic acid (FA) on different paths leading to degeneration of recombinant beta-amyloid peptide (rAbeta42) treated(More)
Gene transfer represents an important advance in the treatment of both genetic and acquired diseases. In this article, the suitability of cationically modified solid-lipid nanoparticles (SLN) as a nonviral vector for gene delivery was investigated, in order to obtain stable materials able to condense RNA. Cationic SLN were produced by microemulsion using(More)
A recombinant hybrid composed of the two major allergens of the Parietaria pollen Par j 1 and Par j 2 has been generated by DNA recombinant technology (PjED). This hybrid was produced in E. coli at high levels of purity. Then, the engineered derivative has been combined with a synthetic polyaminoacidic derivative having a poly(hydroxyethyl)aspartamide(More)