Giovanna Maria

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BACKGROUND AND METHODS Lateral internal sphincterotomy, the most common treatment for chronic anal fissure, may cause permanent injury to the anal sphincter, which can lead to fecal incontinence. We(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of two different dosage regimens of botulinum toxin to induce healing in patients with idiopathic anal fissure. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Chronic anal fissure is(More)