Giovanna Maria Pierantoni

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High-mobility group A1 (HMGA1) overexpression and gene rearrangement are frequent events in human cancer, but the molecular basis of HMGA1 oncogenic activity remains unclear. Here we describe a mechanism through which HMGA1 inhibits p53-mediated apoptosis by counteracting the p53 proapoptotic activator homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2). We(More)
A novel human thyroid papillary carcinoma cell line (FB-2) has been established and characterized. FB-2 cells harbor the RET/PTC1 chimeric oncogene in which the RET kinase domain is fused to the H4 gene. FB-2 cells neither formed colonies in semisolid media nor induced tumors after heterotransplant into severe combined immunodeficient mice. However,(More)
PATZ1 is a transcriptional factor functioning either as an activator or a repressor of gene transcription depending upon the cellular context. It appears to have a dual oncogenic/anti-oncogenic activity. Indeed, it is overexpressed in colon carcinomas, and its silencing inhibits colon cancer cell proliferation or increases sensitivity to apoptotic stimuli(More)
Using gene expression profiling, we found that the CBX7 gene was drastically down-regulated in six thyroid carcinoma cell lines versus control cells. The aims of this study were to determine whether CBX7 is related to the thyroid cancer phenotype and to try to identify new tools for the diagnosis and prognosis of thyroid cancer. We thus evaluated CBX7(More)
Overexpression of the HMGA2 gene is a common feature of neoplastic cells both in experimental and human models. Intragenic and extragenic HMGA2 rearrangements responsible for HMGA2 gene overexpression have been frequently detected in human benign tumours of mesenchymal origin. To better understand the role of HMGA2 overexpression in human tumorigenesis, we(More)
The HMGI proteins (HMGI, HMGY and HMGI-C) have an important role in the chromatin organization and interact with different transcriptional factors. The HMGI genes are expressed at very low levels in normal adult tissues, whereas they are very abundant during embryonic development and in several experimental and human tumours. In order to isolate proteins(More)
CONTEXT We have previously demonstrated that a set of micro-RNA (miRNA) is significantly down-regulated in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas with respect to normal thyroid tissues and to differentiated thyroid carcinomas. OBJECTIVE The objective was to evaluate the role of two of these down-regulated miRNA, miR-25 and miR-30d, in thyroid carcinogenesis. (More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as a class of powerful gene expression regulators. Acting at the post-transcriptional level, miRNAs modulate the expression of at least one-third of the mRNAs that are encoded by the human genome. The expression of a single gene can be regulated by several miRNAs, and every miRNA has more than one target gene. Thus, the miRNA(More)
RET/papillary thyroid carcinoma 1 (PTC1) oncogene is frequently activated in human PTCs. It is characterized by the fusion of the intracellular kinase-encoding domain of RET to the first 101 amino acids of CCDC6. The aim of our work is to characterize the function of the CCDC6 protein to better understand the function of its truncation, that results in the(More)
Expansion of adipose tissue in the orbits is a key feature of Graves' ophthalmopathy. Recent evidence shows that orbital fibroblasts are committed to differentiate into adipocytes under appropriate stimuli. Rosiglitazone, an agonist of the nuclear hormone receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is able to induce both(More)