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Colon carcinomas appear to arise from the cumulative effect of mutations to several genes (APC, DCC, p53, ras, hMLH1, and hMSH2). By using novel colonic epithelial cell lines derived from the Immorto mouse, named the YAMC (young adult mouse colon) cell line, and an Immorto-Min mouse hybrid, named the IMCE (Immorto-Min colonic epithelial) cell line, carrying(More)
The cyclic-AMP response element binding (CREB) protein has been shown to have a pivotal role in cell survival and cell proliferation. Transgenic rodent models have revealed a role for CREB in higher-order brain functions, such as memory and drug addiction behaviors. CREB overexpression in transgenic animals imparts oncogenic properties on cells in various(More)
Sprouty and Spred {Sprouty-related EVH1 [Ena/VASP (vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein) homology 1] domain} proteins have been identified as antagonists of growth factor signalling pathways. We show here that Spred-1 and Spred-2 appear to have distinct mechanisms whereby they induce their effects, as the Sprouty domain of Spred-1 is not required to block(More)
Neuropilin 1 (NRP1), a non-tyrosine kinase receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor and class 3 Semaphorins, is highly expressed in many human tumour cell lines, but its function is poorly understood. Here, we describe the expression of a new chondroitin sulphate-modified NRP1 (NRP1-CS) in human tumour cell lines. Expression of a non-modifiable NRP1(More)
Gliomas, the most common form of brain tumour are characterised by a capacity to invade throughout normal brain tissue. This infiltrative nature is the hallmark of poor prognosis. A greater understanding of the molecular determinants that drive invasion may lead to improved therapy. Integrins are a large family of cell surface receptors that mediate(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the expression and function of the brain-specific proteinase deficient disintegrins, ADAM11 and ADAM22 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase). METHODS Specimens of low- and high-grade gliomas and normal brain were analyzed for ADAM11 and ADAM22 expression using Western blotting. The effects of overexpression of ADAM11 and ADAM22 in(More)
The AF6/afadin protein is a component of cell membranes at specialized sites of cell-cell contact. Two main splice variants exist, known as l- and s-afadin, respectively. L-afadin is widely expressed in cells of epithelial origin, whilst s-afadin expression is restricted to the brain. Here we demonstrate that the short form of AF6/s-afadin is a dual(More)
The oncogenic transformation of a normal fibroblast by mutated Ras genes can be reversed by overexpression of a Ras-related gene called Rap1A (or Krev1). Both Ras and Rap1A proteins are G proteins and appear to serve as signal transducers only in the GTP-bound form. Therefore, GAP1 and GAP3, which stimulate the intrinsic GTPase activities of normal Ras and(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that the stem cell markers CD133 and CD44 indicate molecular subtype in Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM). Gene coexpression analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas GBM dataset was undertaken to compare markers of the Glioblastoma Stem-Progenitor Cell (GSPC) phenotype. Pearson correlation identified genes coexpressed with stem cell(More)
Absence-like seizures in the Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rats from Strasbourg (GAERS) model are believed to arise in hyperexcitable somatosensory cortical neurons, however the cellular basis of this increased excitability remains unknown. We have previously shown that expression of the Transmembrane AMPA receptor Regulatory Protein (TARP), stargazin, is(More)